Abies pindrow species is facing a problem of natural regeneration and the absence of adequate regeneration in Indian fir forests has drawn the attention of forest officers, researchers and scientists for a long time. The present study was undertaken in the state of Uttarakhand where four sites bearing A. pindrow forests were selected. The study was conducted to compare the seeds of the four sites to draw relevant conclusions. Two sites Mundali and Deoban fall under Chakrata forest division and Bhukki and Dharali sites fall under Uttarkashi forest division. The aim of the study was to determine variation in germination of seeds of A. pindrow collected from four locations in the state of Uttarakhand. A significant variation was observed in seed germination (germination percent, mean germination time, peak value, germination energy, germination value, germination speed) and seed growth parameters (seed
length, seed width and seed thickness). The seed source of Dharali site was found as the best source followed by Deoban in comparison to other two sites. Dharali site showed highest germination percentage (25%), highest germination value (2.664) and highest germination energy (25.00) from its seed source, thereby concluding to be the best seed source site. The viable and healthy seed source can be considered to be most fruitful in propagation and regeneration techniques.
Abies pindrow, Germination percent, Germination time, Germination speed, Germination value
Czabator, F.J. (1962). Germination value: an index combining speed and completeness of pine seed germination. Forest Sciences, 8(4): 386-396.
Dunlap, J.R. and Barnett, J.P. (1983). Influence of seed size on germination and early development of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) germinants. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 13: 40-44.
Ginwal, H.S. and M. Gera. (2000). Genetic variation in seed germination and growth performance of 12 Acacia nilotica provenances in India. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 12(2): 286â€“297.
Glover, H.M. (1936). The practical problem of the management of the Himalayan fir forests. Indian Forester, 62 (5): 276-282.
Holmes, G.D, Buszewicz, G. (1958). The storage of seed of temperate forest tree species. For. Abstracts, 19:455-475.
Kandya, A.K. (1978). Relationship among seed weight and various growth factors in Pinus oocarpa seedlings. Indian Forester, 104(8): 561-567.
Leadem, C.L. (1986). Stratification of Abies amabilis seeds. Can. J. For. Res., 16: 755â€“760.
Mehendru, I.D. (1936). The problem of natural regeneration of silver fir (Abies spectabilis), Indian Forester, 62(1): 260-275.
Okoro, O.O. (1976). Germination of Terminalia ivqrensis seeds source under various conditions of germination. In â€˜Seed problemâ€™ Proceedings second international symposium on physiology of seed germination. October 1976, IUFRO, Fiji, Japan.
Read, R.A. (1971). Scots pine in eastern Nebreska: A provenance study. US For. Serv. Res. Pap., Rocky Mt. Forest Range Exp. Sta. No. RM-78, pp.13.
Redcliffe, E. (1906). Researches on the regeneration of silver fir. Indian Forester, 32: 402-404.
Rokaya, M.B. and MÃ¼nzbergovÃ¡, Z. (2012). Effect of light, temperature and seed mass on germination of two species of the Himalayan rhubarb. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 6(37): 5032-5037.
Rowe, K.E. and Chiang, K.K. (1973). Provenances of fir in pacific northwest region. II. Field performances age nine. Silvae Genetica, 22(4): 115-119.
Singh, J.S. and Singh, S.P. (1987a). Forest vegetation of Himalaya. Botanical Review 53(3): 81-92.
Singh, V. and Singh, R.V. (1984). Silvicultural, dispersal, seed germination and seedling establishment in natural forest of silver fir and spruce. Indian Forester, 110(6): 529-539.
Wang, B.S.P., Pitel, A. and Webb, D.P. (1982). Environmental and genetic factors affecting tree and shrub seeds. In: Advances in Research and Technology of Seeds. (Ed. J.R. Thomson). Part 7, Centre for Agriculture Publishing and Documentation, Wageningen, Netherlands, pp. 87-135.
West, W.C., Frattarelli, F.J. and Russin, K.J. (1970). Effect of stratification and gibberellin on seed germination in Ginkgo biloba. Bull. Torrey. Bot. Club, 97: 380-384.
Willan, R.L. (1985): A guide to forest seed handling with particular reference to the topics. FAO Forestry paper 20/2.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)