##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Vishal K. Ingle A. K. Mishra A. Sarangi D. K. Singh V. K. Seghal

Abstract

The study area Tapi River catchment covers 63,922.91 Sq.Km comprising of 5 five Sub-catchments: Purna river catchment (18,473.6 sq.km) Upper Tapi catchment (10,530.3 sq. km), Middle Tapi catchment (4,997.3 sq km), Girna river catchment (10,176.9 sq.km) and lower Tapi catchment (19,282.5 sq.km.). The drainage network of 5 Sub-catchments was delineated using remote sensing data. The morphometric analysis of 5 Sub-catchments has been carried out using GIS softwares – ArcMap. The drainage network showed that the terrain exhibits dendritic to sub-dendritic drainage pattern. Stream orders ranged from sixth to seventh order. Drainage density varied between 0.39 and 0.43km/ km2and had very coarse to coarse drainage texture. The relief ratio ranged from 0.003 to 0.007. The mean bifurcation ratio varied from 4.24 to 6.10 and falls under normal basin category. The elongation ratio showed that all catchment elongated pattern. Thus, the remote sensing techniques proved to be a competent tool in morphometric analysis.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Catchment, Geomorphology, Shape parameters, Stream network, Tapi river basin

References
Biswas, S., Sudhakar, S. and Desai, V. R.(1999). Prioritization of sub watersheds based on morphometric analysis of drainage basin - A remote sensing and GIS approach. Journal of Indian Society Remote Sensing, 27(3): 155 –166.
Clarke, J. I. (1966). Morphometry from Maps. Essays in Geomorphology. Elsevier Publ. Co., New York, pp. 235-274.
Farrukh, A., Gowhar, M. and Romshoo, S. R. (2013). Morphometric analysis to infer hydrological behaviour of lidder watershed, western himalaya, India. Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Geography Journal, Article ID 178021,pp 14.
Gottschalk, L.C. (1964). Reservoir Sedimentation. In: V.T. Chow (Ed.), Handbook of Applied Hydrology. McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, Section 7-I.
Horton, R. E. (1932). Drainage basin characteristics. Transactions American Geophysical Union., 13: 350-361.
Horton, R. E. (1945). Erosional development of streams and their drainage basins; hydrophysical approach to quantitative morphology. Geological Society of America Bulletin., 56: 275-370.
Kanth, T. A. and Hassan, Z. (2012). Morphometric analysis and prioritization watersheds for soil and water resource management In Wular Catchment using Geo-Spatial Tools. International Journal of Geology, Earth and Environmental Sciences,2(1): 30-41.
Langbein, W. B. (1947). Topographic characteristics of drainage basins. U.S. Geol. Surv. Water-Supply Paper, 986(C): 157-159.
Miller, V. C. (1953). A quantitative geomorphic study of drainage basin characteristics in the clinch mountain area, virginia and tennessee, Proj. NR 389-402, Tech Rep 3, Columbia University, Department of Geology, ONR, New York.
Mishra, A. K. and Rawat, K. S. (2012). Morphometric analysis of moolbari watershed in Sub-Himalayan Region of India: A Remote Sensing and GIS Approach. Journal of soil water conservation, 11(2):144 – 153.
Nag, S. K. (1998). Morphometric analysis using remote sensing techniques in the chaka sub-basin, Purulia District, West Bengal. Journal of Indian Society Remote Sensing,26(1 and 2): 69-76.
Nag, S. K. and Lahari, A. (2011). Morphometric analysis of Dwarakeswar watershed, Bankura district, West Bengal, India, using spatial information technology. International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering,3 (10):212-219
Ramaiah, S. N., Gopalakrishna, G. S., Vittala, S. Srinivasa and Najeeb, K. Md.(2012). Morphometric analysis of sub-basins in and around Malur Taluk, Kolar District, Karnataka using remote sensing and GIS Techniques. International Quarterly Scientific Journal, 11(1): 89-94.
Ramu and Mahalingam, B. (2012). Hypsometric properties of drainage basins in Karnataka using geographical information system. New York Science Journal, 5 (12):156-158.
Schumm, S.A. (1956). Evolution of drainage systems and slopes in badlands at Perth Amboy, New Jersey. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 67: 597-646.
Sharma, T., Jaglan, M. S., Singh, O. and Kumar, S. (2012). Morphometric characterisation of Tangri watershed in lower siwalik and piedmont zone of Haryana and Punjab. Hydrology Journal,35(3&4):94-110
Singh, S. and Singh, M. C. (1997). Morphometric analysis of Kanhar river basin. National Geographical. Journal of India, 43(1): 31-43.
Smith, K. G. (1950). Standards for grading textures of erosional topography. American Journal of Science, 248: 655-668.
Sreedevi, P. D., Subrahmanyam, K. and Shakeel, A. (2005). The significance of morphometric analysis for obtaining groundwater potential zones in a structurally controlled terrain. J. Environ. Geol. 47, 412–420.
Strahler, A. N. (1957). Quantitative analysis of watershed geomorphology. Transactions American Geophysical Union, 38:913-920.
Strahler, A.N. (1964). Quantitative geomorphology of drainage basins and channel networks. In: V.T. Chow (ed), Handbook of Applied Hydrology. McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, section 4-II.773.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Ingle, V. K., Mishra, A. K., Sarangi, A., Singh, D. K., & Seghal, V. K. (2014). Hydrologic behaviour of Tapi river catchment using morphometric analysis. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 6(2), 442-450. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v6i2.480
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles