##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Manoj Kumar Sharma Bhim Singh C.K. Arya

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to investigate the kinetics of transformation process of applied and native Zn as influenced by soil moisture regime, available moisture and organic matter additions in Aridisols of western Rajasthan. The incubation experiment was conducted with exact amount of the soil samples (250 g), put in a number of small containers, made of corning glass. Three levels of moisture regimes i.e. field capacity (W0), continuous submergence (W1), alternate submergence and saturation (W2) and two levels of organic matter as starch at 0 per cent (M1) and 0.5 per cent (M2) of the soil weight; and two levels of zinc i.e. native (N) and applied (A) (Zn @ 5 mg kg-1 soil as ZnSO4.7 H2O). The soils then incubated for 30, 60 and 90 days. Destructive sampling was done after each incubation period, and then different fractions of Zn were sequentially extracted by different extracting solutions and determined with the help of atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the transformation of Zn is largely controlled by organic matter, moisture regimes and Zn application due to considerable changes in the chemical and electrochemical properties of soil and thereby influence the transformation of zinc. Organic matter application significantly increased Zn fractions due to the retention of Zn on exchange complex owing to producing organic acid by decomposition of organic matter in soil. Further, the results showed that if such condition was maintained in the field, and it increased the availability of Zn for different crops in Aridisols.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Amorphous sesquioxide bound, Aridisols, Calciorthids exchangeable, Crystalline sesquioxide bound Zn, Organic complexed

References
Bell, R.W. and Dell, B. (2008). Micronutrients for sustainable food, feed, fibre and bioenergy production. First edition, IFA, Paris, France (www.fertilizer.org).
Bouyoucos, C.H. (1951). A recalibration of the hydrometer method for making mechanical analysis of soils. Agronomy Journal, 43:434-438.
Brar, M.S. and Sekhon, G.S. (1976). Effect of Fe and Zn on the availability of micronutrients under flooded and unflooded condition. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 24:446-451.
Chatterjee, J., Mandal, B., Hazra, G.C. and Mandal, L.N. (1992). Transformation of native and applied zinc in laterite soils under submergence. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 40:66-70.
Cochran, W.G. and Cox, G.M. (1959). Experimental designs. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
De Remer, E.D. and Smith, R.L. (1964). A preliminary study on the nature of zinc deficiency in field beans as determined by radioactive zinc. Agronomy Journal, 56:67-70.
Dutta, D., Mandal, B. and Mandal, L.N. (1989). Decrease in availability of Zn and Cu in acidic to near neutral soils on submergence. Soil Science, 147:187-195.
Fisher, R.A. (1949). Statistical tables for biological, agricultural and medical research. Oliver and Boy'd Ltd., Edinburg.
Ghanem, S.A. and Mikkelsen, D.S. (1987). Effect of organic matter on changes in soil Zn fractions found in wetland soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 18:1217-1234.
Haldar, M. and Mandal, L.N. (1979). Influence of soil moisture regimes and organic matter application on the extractable Zn and Cu content in rice soils. Plant and Soil, 53:203-213.
Hazra, G.C., Patnayak, P.D. and Mandal, B. (1994). Effect of submergence on the transformation of zinc fraction in Alfisols in relation to soil properties. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 42:31-36.
Joshi, D.C., Dhir, R.P. and Gupta, B.S. (1983). Influence of soil parameters on DTPA extractable micronutrients in arid soils. Plant and Soil, 72:31-38.
Joshi, D.C. and Sharma, B.K. (1986). Adsorption and desorption of Zn by some sandy soils of arid Rajasthan. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 34:252-263.
Kumar, K.H. and Basavaraj, B. (2008). Zinc transformation in calcareous Vertisol of Tungabhadra command. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 21(2):227-230.
Lindsay, W.L. (1979). Chemical equilibria in soils. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York
Mandal, B., Hazra, G.C. and Pal, A.K. (1988). Transformation of Zn in soils under submerged conditions and its relation with zinc nutrition of rice. Plant and Soil, 106:121-126.
Mandal, B., Mandal, L.N. and Ali, M.H. (1993). Chemistry of zinc availability in submerged soils in relation to zinc nutrition of rice crop. Proceedings of the Workshop on Micronutrients, 22-23 January, 1992, Bhubaneshwar, pp. 240-253.
Mandal, L.N. and Mandal, B. (1986). Zinc fractions in soils in relation to zinc nutrition of lowland rice. Soil Science, 142:141-148.
Phogat, V., Dahiya, D.J. and Singh, J.P. (1994). Effect of organic matter and soil water content on the transformation of native soil zinc. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 42:239-243.
Piper, C.S. (1950). Soil and plant analysis. Inter Science Publishers, Inc. New York.
Ponnamperuma, F.N. (1972). The chemistry of submerged soils. Advances in Agronomy, 24:29-96.
Reyhanitabar, A. and Gilkes, R.J. (2010). Kinetics of DTPA extraction of zinc from calcareous soils from Iran. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World, 1 – 6 August 2010, Brisbane, Australia, pp. 19-22.
Richards, L. A. (1954). Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils. USDA Hand Book, No. 60, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington DC.
Sims, J.L. and Patrick, W.H. (1978). The distribution of micronutrient cations in soil under conditions of varying redox potential and pH. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 42:258-262.
Singh, M.V. and Abrol, I.P. (1985). Transformation and availability of zinc in alkali soils. Fertilizer News, 31 (7):17-27.
Takkar, P.N. and Sindhu, B.S. (1979). Kinetics of zinc transformation in submerged alkaline soils in the rice growing tracts of Punjab. J. Agric. Sci., 93:441-447.
Viets, F.G.Jr. (1962). Chemistry and availability of micronutrients in soils. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 10:174-178.
Walkley, A. (1947). A critical examination of a rapid method for determining organic carbon in soils-Effect of variations in digestion conditions and of inorganic soil constituents. Soil Science, 63:251-264.
Wani, M.A., Bhat, M.A., Kirmani, N.A. and Nazir, S. (2013). Transformation of zinc and iron in submerged rice soils of Kashmir. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 83(11):1209–1216.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Sharma, M. K., Singh, B., & Arya, C. (2014). Kinetics of zinc transformation in calciorthids soils of western Rajasthan, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 6(1), 121-126. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v6i1.386
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles