##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Sudhish Chandra

Abstract

The exposure of pesticide Rogor had significantly altered serum alkaline and acid phosphatase activities in freshwater catfish, Clarias batrachus at different concentrations and duration under static conditions. However, the intensity of activity of both the enzymes were interestingly different. The fish elicited marked behavioral changes with increasing concentrations and exposure duration. The rising trend in enzyme levels which mediate membrane transport mechanism and biosynthesis of macromolecules, have been correlated with the induction and leakage of respective enzymes from liver following membrane damage and necrosis due to pesticide toxicity.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Catfish, Rogor pesticide, Serum phosphatase, Toxicity

References
Agtas, S., Huseyin, G. and Suleyman, G. (2007). Concentrations of heavy metals in water and chub, Leuciscus cephalus from the river Yildiz, Turkey, J. Environ. Biol., 28:845-849.
APHA (2005). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater (21st Edn.). Washington, D.C.: American Public Health Association.
Athikesawan, S., Vincent, S. and Velmurugan, B.(2006). Investigation of acute toxicity of zinc sulphate in silver carp. Hypophthalmichthys molitrix. Aquacult. 7:331-333.
Bell, G.H., Smith, D.E. and Patterson, C.R.(1980). Text book of Physiology. Churchill, Livingston, London.
Camargo, M.M. and Martinez, C.B.(2007). Histopathology of gills, kidney and liver of a neotropical fish caged in an urban stream. Neotrop. Ichthyol., 5:327-336.
Chandra, S. (1994). Effect of asphyxiation on serum alkaline and acid phosphatase levels of freshwater catfish Clarias batrachus. Him. J. Environ. Zool., 8:9-12.
Chandra, S. (2007). Pesticide induced changes in the activity of transminases in tissues of freshwater catfish, Clarias batrachus. Rec. Adv. Fish Ecol. Limnol. Ecocons., 7:143-149.
Chandra, S. (2008). Toxic effect of Malathion on acetyl cholinesterase activity of liver, brain and gills of freshwater catfish Heteropneustes fossilis. Environ. Conser. J., 9:47-52.
Deshmukh, D.R. and Sonawane, S.R. (2007). Effect of long term exposure to endosulfan on blood cell count in Channa gachua. J. Indian Fish. Assoc., 34:83-85.
Deshpande, A. S., Zade, S. B. and Sitre, S.R.(2011). Histopathological changes in the gill architecture of Labeo rohita from the pond adjuscent to thermal power station, Koradi, Nagpur, India, J. Appl. & Nat.Sci., 3:284-286.
Deutremepuits, C., Paris - Palacios, S., Betoulle, S. and Vernet, G.(2004). Modulation in hepatic and head kidney parameters of carp (Cyprinus carpio) induced by copper and chitosan. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. C. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 137:325-333.
Doudoroff, P. A., Burdick, B. G., Galtsoff, P. S., Hart, W. B., Patrick, R., Strong, E.R. and Von Horn, W.M. (1951). Bioassay methods for the evaluation of acute toxicity of industrial wastes to fish. Sewage Ind. Wastes., 23:1380-1397.
Edsall, C. C.(1999). A blood chemistry profile for lake trout. J. Ag. Anim. Hlth., 11:81-86.
Foster, R.L. (1980). The nature of Enzymology. Croom Helm Applied Biol. Series-275-312.
Gupta, P. K., Gupta, R. C. and Kohli, J. D. (1975). Recent Pesticides - A review. Pesticides, 9:15-21.
Janardan, A. and Sisodia, P.(1990). Monocrotophos: short term toxicity in rats. Bull. Env. Contam. Toxicol., 44:230-239.
Kalita, J., Baruah, B. K., Chaudhary, M., Saikia, S., Choudhury, S. K. and Das, M.(2003). Study on the effect of water pollutants on carbohydrate profile in fish, Heteropneustes fossilis, Aquacult., 4:237-340.
King, E. J. and Wootton, I. D. P. (1959). Microanalysis in medical Biochemistry, J. and A. churchill, London.
Kori-Siakpera, O. and Ubogu, E.O.(2008). Sublethal haematological effects of zinc on the freshwater fish, Heteroclarias sp. Afr. J. Biotech., 7:2068-2073.
Lata, S., Gopal, K. and Singh, N.N. (2001). Toxicological evaluations and morphological studies in a catfish Clarias batrachus exposed to carbaryl and carbofuran. J. Ecophysiol. Occup. Hlth., 1:121-130.
Mullick, S. and Konar, S.K.(1995). Impact of estimated safe levels of zinc,copper, iron and lead mixture on aquatic ecosystem. Environ. Ecol., 13:338-394.
Nath, A. (2003). Bioaccumulation of various pesticides in fish muscle. J.Ecophysiol. Occup. Hlth., 3:40-46.
Nath, A., Chand, G.B., Sinha, A. and Singh, A.(2000). Hormonal imbalance and related ultrastructural changes in the testis of Rogor treated Clarias batrachus. J. Inland Fish.Soc. India, 30:87-93.
Padmini, E., Thendral Hepsibha, B. and Santhalin Shellomith, A.S. (2004). Lipid alterations as stress markers in grey mullet Mugil cephalus caused by industrial effluents in Ennore eustury. Aquacult., 5:115-118.
Rahman, M. F., Siddiqui, M. K. J. and Jamil, K.(2000). Acid and alkaline phosphatase activities in a novel phosphorothionate (RPR-II) treated male and female rats. Evidence of dose and time dependent response. Drug. Chem. Toxicol., 23:497-509.
Shaikh, N. and Negi, S.G. (2004). Effects of Rogor on protein and glycogen in the muscle of freshwater fish Lepidocephalichthys thermalis. Aquacult., 5: 119.121.
Shukla, N.P., Srivastava, A.K. and Purvar, A (2007). The effect of various pollutants on fishes. Flora & Fauna, 13:165-179.
Singh, V.K. and Saxena, P.N. (2001). Effect of cybil (Cypermethrin-25EC) and Cybil - sevin (Carbaryl 50EC) combination on liver and serum phosphatases in wistar albino rats. J. Ecophysiol. Occup. Hlth., 1:229-234.
Singh, N.N. and Srivastava, A.K. (1998), Formothion induced biochemical changes in blood and tissues of freshwater catfish Heteropneustes fossilis. Malys. Appl. Biol., 27:39-43.
Singh, N. N., Das, V. K. and Singh, S. (1996). Effect of aldrin on protein carbohydrate, and ionic metabolism of a freshwater catfish Heteropnustes fossilis, Bull. Env. Cont. Toxicol., 57:204-210.
Tandon, R.S. and Dubey, A. (1983). Toxic effects of two organophosphorus pesticides on fructose-1,6 disphosphate aldolase activity of brain and gills of freshwater fish Clarias batrachus. Environ. Pollut., 31:1-7.
Thosar, M.R. and Lonker, A. N.(2004). Respiratory response of male fish Labestes reticulatus exposed to sublethal concentration of insecticide Metasystox. J. Ecophysiol. Occup. Hlth., 4:62-67.
Tomar, M.S. and Dhanotiya, R. S., Shilaskar, D.V. and Dixit, N.K. (1995). Effect of Malathion on enzymes of goat liver and serum. J. Environ. Biol., 16:151-155.
Tripathi, G. and Shukla, S. P. (1988). Toxicity bioassay of technical and commercial formulation of carbaryl to the freshwater catfish, Clarias batrachus. Ecotox. Environ. Safe., 15:227-281.
Verma, P. and Nath, A. (2004). Correlation between ultrastructural changes and thyroid hormonal imbalance in ovary of air breathing fish during induced toxicity. J. Ecophysiol Occup. Hlth., 4:207-215.
Wang, W.X. (2002). Interaction of trace metals and different marine food chains. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 243: 295-309.
Yogesh, K.G. and Saxena, P.N. (1999). Effect of Mexacarbate on liver and serum phosphatase of Passer domesticus. Pavo, 37: 109-118.
Yoon, S., Sang Seop, H. and Rana, S.V.S. (2008). Molecular markers of heavy metal toxicity - A new paradigm for health, risk assessment. J. Environ. Biol., 29: 1-14.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Chandra, S. (2013). Impact of pesticide Rogor toxicity on serum phosphomonoesterase levels of freshwater catfish Clarias batrachus. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 5(1), 20-23. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v5i1.275
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles