The present investigation was conducted with the objective of utilizing locally available organic resources for substituting chemical fertilizer nitrogen partly and augmenting soil health. The experiment was carried out for the crop kharif rice (Oryza sativa L.) in coastal Karnataka with eleven treatments laid out in randomized block design with three replications. Vermicompost (VC), Poultry manure (PM) and Fish manure (FM) were used as organic nitrogen sources integrated with mineral nitrogen source of fertilizer urea at substitution ratios of 25, 50 and 100 percent. These treatments were compared with control and recommended dose of nitrogen. The results revealed that the substitution of 50 per cent of nitrogen through VC recorded significantly (P<0.05) higher plant height (92.27 cm), higher number of productive tillers (16.85 hill-1), higher grain yield (5434 kg ha-1) and straw yield ( 6817 kg ha-1) compared to control. The results of the soil sample analysis for soil fertility parameters indicated that the major nutrients were significantly (P<0.05) influenced by integrated nitrogen management. The available nitrogen (382.36 kg ha-1) and available potassium (143.7 kg ha-1) were significantly (P<0.05) higher in the treatment T4 where a recommended dose of nitrogen was substituted by 50 percent VC compared to control (294.05 kg ha-1 and 92.31 kg ha-1 respectively). However, the available soil phosphorus was significantly higher with treatment 50 per cent RDN substituted by PM (78.83 kg ha-1) as compared to control (43.93 kg ha-1). Thus, integrated resource management improved crop yield and post-harvest soil fertility.
Fish manure, Poultry manure, Rice, Soil Fertility, Vermicompost
Anonymous (2017). Agricultural Statistics at a Glance. Government of India, Directorate of Economics and Statistics Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare (DACFW-GOI) pp.36.
Anonymous (2018). FAO- Rice Market Monitor Food and Agricultural Organization-United Nations., Rome, Italy. 21:1-2.
Abhik, P., Sharma, V. K., Purakayastha, T. J., Barman, Mandira Kumar, Sarvendra, Chakraborty, D., Chobhe, Kapil A. and Nath, D. J. (2017). Effect of Integrated
Nutrient Management in Rice on Nitrogen Availability,
L-asparaginase and L-glutaminase Activity in Acidic Soil. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 6(9): 3777-3783. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.466
Dahiphale, A. V., D. G., Giri, Thakre, G. V. and Gin, M. D. (2003). Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management on Yield and Yield Contributing Parameters of the Scented Rice. Annals of Plant Physiology, 17 ( 1) 24-26.
Dekhane, S. S., Patel, D. J., Jadhav, P. B., Kireeti, A., Patil, N. B., Harad, N. B. and Jadhav, K. P. (2014). Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizer on growth and yield of paddy cultivar GR-11. International Journal of Information Research and Review, 1(2) : 026-028.
Gomez. K. A. and Gomez. A. A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research 2nd Edition New York. J. Wiley and Sons.
Gobi, S., Balasubramanian, S. and Elayaraja (2016). The effectiveness of organic and inorganic soil amendments on low land rice performance. 5th International Conference on Agriculture, Environment and Biological Sciences (ICAEBS-16) April 28-29, 2016 Pattaya (Thailand) pp.42-46.
Harikesh, Akhtar Ali, Ghanshyam Singh, Sanjay Kumar, Shivam, Ravi, Pratap Yadav, Ankit Tiwari, Ajit. Kumar and Atul Yadav (2017). Effect of integrated nutrient management and plant geometry on soil properties and availability of nutrients under SRI technique of rice. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 6 (5): 86-89
Jakasaniya, M. S., Kiranben J. Khokhariya, R. D. Shinde and Astha Pandey (2019). Effect of Integrated Nitrogen Management on Yield of Rice and Chemical Properties of Sodic Soil. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 8(05): 1289-1296. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.805.147
Kiran, K., C. J. Sridhara and K. M. Nandini (2018). Effect of integrated use of organic and inorganic fertilizers on soil fertility and uptake of nutrients in aerobic rice (Oryza sativa L.) International Journal of Chemical Studies, 6 (4): 417-421.
Kyi Moe, Seinn Moh Moh, Aung Zaw Htwe, Yoshinori Kajihara and Takeo Yamakawa (2019). Effects of Integrated Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on Yield and Growth Parameters of Rice Varieties Rice Science, (5): 309 -318. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rsci.2019.08.005 .
Laxminarayana, K. (2006). Effect of integrated use of inorganic and organic manures on soil properties, yield and nutrient uptake of rice in Ultisols of Mizoram. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 54 (1): 120-123.
Miller. H. B. (2007). Poultry litter induces tillering in rice. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 31: 1-12.
Manivannan, R. and Sriramachandrasekharan, M. V.(2016). Integration of Organics and Mineral N on Growth and Yield of Rice in Typic Ustifluvents Soil. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 5(12):428-436.Doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.201 6.512.047
Nayak. A. K., S Mohanty D Chatterjee, D Bhaduri, R Khanam, M Shahid, R Tripathi, A Kumar, S Munda, U Kumar, P Bhattacharyya, BB Panda and H Pathak. (2018). Nutrient Management for Enhancing Productivity and Nutrient Use Efficiency in Rice In: Rice Research for enhancing productivity and profitability and climate resilience. Published by ICAR- National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack-753006, Odisha, India.
Norman, Q.A., Edwards, C.A., Bierman. P., Metzger, J.D., and Lucht, C. (2005). Effects of vermicomposts produced from cattle manure, food waste and paper waste on the growth and yield of peppers in the field. Pedobiologia, 49 : 297-306.
Paramesh, V., C.J. Sridhara, K.S. Shashidhar and S. Bhuvaneswari (2014). Effect of integrated nutrient management and planting geometry on growth and yield of aerobic rice. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 10 (1): 49 -52.
Prathap R. N., CH. Bharat Bhushan Rao, K.Surekha and Hussain, S.A. (2019). Transplanted rice as influenced by different enriched nitrogen sources-an economic appraisal. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 8(6): 3229-3231. doi: https://doi.org/10.2 0546/ijcmas.2019.806.384
Prasad. J., Karmakar. S., Kumar. R., and Mishra, B (2010). Influence of integrated nutrient management on yield and soil properties in maize-wheat cropping systems in an Alfisol of Jharkhand. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science, 58(2): 200-204.
Prasad. R. (2011). Aerobic Rice Systems. Advances in Agronomy, 207-247. https://doi.org/10.1016/ B978-0-12-387689-8.00003-5
Prasad. R., Pathak H., Patra A K. and Shivay Y. S. (2014). Nitrogen Management In: Text book of Plant Nutrient Management Editors.-Prasad. R, Kumar, D Rana, D. Shivay Y. S. and Tewatia. Publisher Indian Society of Agronomy, IARI, New Delhi.pp.73-92.
Roy, D. K. and Singh, B. P. (2006). Effect of level and time of nitrogen application with and without vermicompost on yield and yield attribute and quality of malt barley (Hordeum vulgare). Indian Journal of Agronomy, 51(1): 40-42.
Sharma, G. D., Risikesh, T., Som Raj, D. L. Kauraw and P. S. Kulhare (2013). Impact of integrated nutrient management on yield, nutrient uptake, protein content of wheat (Triticum aestivam) and soil fertility in a typic haplustert The Bioscan 8 (4): 1159-1164.
Shipra, Y., Mohan Lal., R. K. Naresh, R. B. Yadav, Ashok Kumar Yadav, K. G. Yadav, Rahul Kumar, M. Sharath Chandra and Pradeep Rajput (2019). Effect of organic and inorganic nutrient sources on productivity, grain quality of rice and rice health in North Western IGP: A Review. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 8(12): 2488-2514. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.293
Singh Surendra, Singh, R. N., Prasad, Janardan and Singh, B. P. (2006). Effect of integrated nutrient management on yield and uptake of nutrients by rice and soil fertility in rainfed uplands. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 54(3): 327-330
Surekha, K. R., Mahendra Kumar, V., Nagendra. N., Sailaja, T. Satyanarayana (2016). 4R nitrogen management for sustained rice production. Better crops- South Asia, 10(10-1): 18-19.
Tumrani S A., Pathan. P A. and Suleman B M. (2015). Economic contribution of rice production and food security in Indonesia Asia Pacific Research Journal, 33: 63-74.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)