##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Sanjay Sanjeev Kumar Bal Kishan Chaudhary

Abstract

Charcoal rot disease of soybean caused by Macrophomina phaseolina is a serious problem in most of the soybean growing area of Madhya Pradesh. In this study, seven plant extracts viz., leaves of Azadirachta indica, Citrus limon, Polyalthia longifolia, Parthenium hysterophorus and Ricinus communis, bulb of Allium sativum and Allium cepa and eight fungicides  viz., Captan (0.25%), Mancozeb (0.25%), Carbendazim + Mancozeb (25%), Thiophanate Methyl (0.1%), Pyraclostrobin (0.2%), Carbendazim (0.1%) and Blue copper (0.3% )  were evaluated for an effective management of charcoal rot of soybean caused by M. phaseolina (Tassi) Goid under in vitro and in vivo condition. Among plant extracts, garlic clove extract was found most effective showing 77.3 %  growth inhibition and poor microslerotia formation of M. phaseolina by 77.3 % followed by parthenium leaf extract (75.2% inhibition) at 15 % concentration. Two soil drenching of garlic clove extracts @ 15.0 % concentration also found most effective for the management of disease under field condition recorded minimum disease incidence (13.5%) and highest yield (14.6q/ha). Among fungicides, Carbendazim (0.1%) and Thiophanate Methyl (0.1%) showed 100 % inhibition of radial growth and microsclerotia production of M phaseolina under in vitro condition. Two soil drenching of Carbendazim @ 0.1%  found to be most effective for the management of charcoal rot of soybean under field condition showing minimum disease incidence (5.36%) and producing highest yield (16.0 q/ha) followed by Thiophanate Methyl. These results suggested that the toxic effect of Carbendazim  and Thiophanate Methyl  and  A. sativum inhibited maximum mycelium growth in vitro and provide management of charcoal rot disease under field conditions.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Charcoal rot, Fungicide, M. phaseolina, Plant extract, Soybean

References
Amrate, P., Pancheshwar, D. and Shrivastava, M. (2020). Evaluation of soybean germplasm against charcoal rot, aerial blight and yellow mosaic virus disease in Madhya Pradesh. Pl. Dis. Res. 33. 185-190.
Andrabi, M., Vaid, A. and Razdan, K. V. (2011). Evaluation of different measures to control wilt causing pathogens in chickpea. Journal Plant Protection Research. 51(1). doi: 10.2478/v10045-011-0010-3.
Anusha, B.,(2003). Botanical fungicides for rice sheath blight management.M.S.(Ag), Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India, P.176
Bernett, H. L. (1980). Compendium of Soil Fungi. Buress Pub. Co. Minneapolis, USA p.223.
Datar, V. V. (1999). Bioefficacy of plant extracts against Macrophomona phaseolina (Tassi) Goid, the incitant to charcoal- rot of sorghum. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology. 29: 251-253.
Dubey, R. C. and Dwivedi, R. S. (1991). Fungi toxic properties of some plant extract against vegetative growth and sclerotial viability M. phaseolina. Indian Phytopathology. 44: 411-413.
Hussain M., Gazanfar M.U., Hamid M.I., Zahid M.A., Hussain T., Raza M & Haq, A.U. (2014). In vitro evaluation of fungicides and plant extracts for suppressing mycelium growth of Macrophomina phaseolina causes charcoal rot os sunflower.Int. J.Agric. Appl. Sci.(6) 2,136-140.
Kane, P. V., Kshirsagar, C. R., Jadhav, A. C. and Pawar, N. B. 2002. In vitro evaluation of some plant extracts against Rhizoctonia bataticola in chickpea. Journal of Maharastra Agriculture University. 27(1): 101-102.
Konde, S. A., Raut, B. T. and Gade, M. R. (2008). Chemical and biological management of root rot (Rhizoctonia bataticola) of soybean. Annals Plant Physiology. 22(2): 275-277.
Kumar, A., Zacharia, S., Maurya, A. K. and John, V. (2019). Effect of fungicides and neem oil on the Rhizoctonia root rot of soybean (Glycine max L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 8(1): 368-372.
Mallesh, S. B. and Narendrappa, T. (2009). Management of root rot of sage, Salvia officinal is caused by Fusarium solani and Rhizoctonia solani. Indian Journal of Plant Protection. 37(½): 119-122.
Morton, D. T. and Straube, N. H. (1955). Antagonistic and stimulatory effects of microorganisms Sclerotium rolfsii . Phytopatho. 45: 419-420.
Muzammil, H., Muhammad, U. G., Muhammad, I. H., Muhammad, A. Z., Touseef, H., Mubashar, R. and Ul Haq, A. (2014). In vitro evaluation of fungicides and plant extracts for suppressing mycelium growth of Macrophomina phaseolina causes charcoal rot of sunflower. International Journal of Agricultural Science. 6(2): 136-140.
Ramesh, K. R. (2009). Inhibition of Rhizoctonia solani the causal agent for collar rot of teak (Tectona grandis) seedlings by fungicides and bio-control agents in in-vitro conditions. Indian Forester. 126(3): 284-288.
Reznikov, S., Vellicce, G.R., González, V. et al. (2016). Evaluation of chemical and biological seed treatments to control charcoal rot of soybean. J Gen Plant Pathol 82, 273–280. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10327-016-0669-4
Ray, A. and Kumar, P. (2008). Evaluation of fungicides against Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn, the incident of aerial blight of soybean. Pantnagar Journal Research. 6(1): 42-47.
Savaliya, V. A., Bhaliya, C. M., Marviyaand, P. B. and Akbari, L. F. (2015). Evaluation of phytoextracts against Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid causing root rot of sesame. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. 8(2): 116-119.
Shovan, L. R., Bhuivan, M. K. A., Pegum, Z. A. and Pervez, Z. (2008). In-vitro control of Colletrotrichum dimatium causing anthracnose of soyabean by fungicides, plant extracts and Trichoderma harzianum. International Journal of Sustainable Crop Production. 3(3): 10-17.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Sanjay, Kumar, S. ., & Chaudhary, B. K. . (2020). Potential of few fungicides and plant extracts for managing charcoal rot of soybean caused by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Gold. in Madhya Pradesh, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 12(3), 388-393. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v12i3.2335
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)