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Arvind Kumar Singh Jitendra Rajput Ashish Rai Anshu Gangwar Brajesh Shahi Ram Babu Sharma Neelam Kumari Satish Kumar Singh SriKant Vikas Kumar Rai

Abstract

In India, the precious freshwater resources are becoming scarcer due to the climate change effect coupled with their inappropriate planning and management at the field level. Development of water resources and sensitization of farming community/irrigators towards effective utilization of these resources is need of the hour and it is one of the most important factors in conservation and preservation water resources for future requirements. This case study has highlighted the direct and indirect benefits derived by implementation of National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) scheme in Nawada, a village of the district East Champaran in Bihar state initiated by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Piprakothi, East Champaran under Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Bihar. Two groups of farmers of the village was chosen to evaluate the benefits derived from this scheme. Under this scheme, tube-wells were developed to facilitate assured irrigation. This study revealed that the total savings of approximate Rs.10,000 ($140) per hectare to irrigate wheat crop three times in Rabi season was achieved over conventional irrigation system. This scheme has also resulted in other intangible benefits which included a reduction in pollution, an increase in the number of crops- rabi , kharif and zaid  seasons and adequate time to carryout out other farm operations.

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Keywords

Agriculture, Climate change, Irrigation, Socio-economic, Wheat

References
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Singh, A. K. ., Rajput, J. ., Rai, A. ., Anshu Gangwar, Shahi , B. ., Ram Babu Sharma, Kumari, N. ., Singh, S. K. ., SriKant, & Rai, V. K. . (2020). Socio-economic upliftment of farmers through model irrigated village approach in East Champaran (Bihar), India: A case study. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 12(4), 556-559. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v12i4.2332
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