The Assamese buffaloes are being reared by the farmers/breeders for milk, meat and for draught purposes. These buffaloes are known for higher fat contents in their milk (8.5 percent on an average) and are famous in the market with a great demand and are known as “Khuti milk”. They are good source of livelihood for breeders and the graziers both in its breeding tract and have attracted researchers to consider the study of some important economic traits under field conditions. The present study was organized and considered the data on a total of 324 Assamese buffaloes distributed over three districts namely Kamrup, Nagaon and Darrang in Assam covering 35 khutis (open herds) during the year 2015-16 eighteen months. The lactation milk yield of Assamese buffalo was observed as 448.38±1.67 kg with a lactation length of 237.06±0.74 days and the peak yield and days to attain were measured as 3.41±0.02 kg and 54.16±0.19 days respectively. The reproduction traits like age at first calving, gestation period, service period and inter-calving period were considered for the study based on the breeders’ interview using pre-structured formats. The age at first calving was recorded as 52.28±0.81 months, the gestation period was observed as 323.10±0.68 days with an inter-calving period of 465.70±1.67 day. The service period and the dry period for these buffalo was 171.34±0.82 and 252.84±1.47 days respectively. The production and reproduction performance of Assamese buffaloes need special attention to be addressed for further improvements to help a large size of population of Assam, who are entirely depending for their livelihood on these valuable AnGR (buffaloes) of Assam.
Assamese buffaloes, Breeding tract, Economic traits, Production, Reproduction
Ahmad, N., Khan, I. M., ChoudhuryR. A.,andAhmedW. (1983). Reproductive efficiency of Nili Ravi buffaloes in Pakistan. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 53: 1066 -1068
Amonge, T.K. (1993). Aspects of productive and reproductive behavior of swamp buffaloes under khuti system of management in Assam. Ph. D. Thesis. Submittedto Assam Agril. Uni. Guwahati, Assam
Aparna Das, Das, D., Goswami,R.N., Das,G.C. and Bhuyan D. (2005). Performance of Swamp buffalo of Assam in respect of some economically important traits of reproduction under farm conditions. Buffalo Bulletin, 24: 25-28
Aparna Das, Das, D., Goswami,R.N., Das,G.C., Bhuyan, D. and Sinha, S.(2015). Effect of non-genetic factors on lactation milk yield and peak yield of Swamp buffaloes and their repeatability. Indian Journal of Animal Research,49: 418-419
Azad, K.K., Shankar, S., Mandal, K.G., Sinha, R.K., Kumar, B. and Verma, S.B. (2014). XI National Symposium on Harmonizing Phenomics and Genomics for Sustainable Management of Livestock for Upliftment of Rural Masses (February 06-07, 2014) held at National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Organized by Society for Conservation of Domestic Animal Biodiversity: 139(SOCDAB2014:2.21)pp.
Chaudhary, M., Sikka, A.K., Singh, K.P. and Pander, B.L. (2016). Genetic studies on production and fertility traits in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. XIII Annual Convention of Society for Conservation of Domestic Animal Biodiversity (February 11-12, 2016) held at SKUAST-Jammu and sponsored by ICAR, DBT and NABARD: 206(057) pp.
Chowdhary, M.S. and Choudhry, A.C. (1981). Studies on peak yield and days to attain peak yield in Mehsana and Surtibuffaloe. Indian vet. J., 58:203-207
Dahama, R.S. and Malik, R.S.(1991). Inheritance of peak yield in Indian buffaloes. Indian Vet. Med. J., 15 (3): Anim. Breed. Abstr.,81: 1356
Das, D. (1988). Performances of swamp buffaloes under agro-climatic condition of Assam. I-world buffalo Congress: 143pp.
Das, G.C., Deori, S., Das, B.K. and Goswami, R.N. (2007). Studies on certain Seminal characteristics of swamp buffaloes of Assam. The Indian Veterinary Journal, 84(10): 1052-1053
Dhanani, J., Unnar, A., Sami, M.U., Kaka, I. and Khangrani, S. (1980). Reproduction in Kundi buffalo. Abstr. : II World Buffalo Congress: 24pp.
Gajbhiye, P.U. and Tripathi, V.N. (1991). Factors affecting peak yield and days to main peak yield in Murrah buffaloes. Asian J. Dairy Research 10: 166-168.
Galsar, N.S., Ramsinhshah, R., Prasadpandey, D., Chaudhary, J.D. and Prakashgupta, J. (2016). Evaluation of Performance potential of Mehsana buffaloes in an Organized herd. XIII Annual Convention of Society for Conservation of Domestic Animal Biodiversity (February 11-12, 2016) held at SKUAST-Jammu and sponsored by ICAR, DBT and NABARD: 197(039)pp.
Gogoi, P.K. (1994). Evaluation of genetic potential of swamp buffaloes and riverine buffaloes of Assam with respect to certain production and rproductive traits. Ph. D. thesis submitted to Assam Agril. Uni. Guwahati-22
Gogoi, P.K., Das, D., Goswai, R.N., Nahardeka, N. and Das, C.G. (2002). Studies on age at first calving in Murrah and Surti buffaloes maintained in Assam. Indian Vet. J. 79: 854-855.
Goswami, R.N. (2009). Status and Potentials in Animal Genetic Resources of North Eastern India. National Symposium on Livestock Biodiversity Conservation & Utilization: Lessons from Past and Future Perspectives (February 12-13, 2009) held at National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Organized by Society for Conservation of Domestic Animal Biodiversity: 43-51pp.
Govindiah, M.G. and Rai A.V. (1986). Effect of month of calving on lactation parameters in Surti buffaloes. Indian J. Dairy Sci., 39:226-230
Harvey, V.R. (1975). Least square analysis of data with unequal subclass numbers. A.R.S., U.S.D.A., Beltsville, Maryland. 20:8
Livestock census, 2012. 19th Livestock Census, Department of A.H., Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ welfare, GoI, New Delhi.
Ismaiel, N.J.(1988). Performance of buffaloes in southern Iraq. II world buffalo congress,83-92pp.
Juma, K.H., Baghdsar, G.A. and Said S.I.(1991). Iraqi Buffaloes II. Some factors affecting milk yield, Buffalo Bulletin,11:27-29 (Anim.Breed.Abstr., 61: 4239)
Kanaujia, A.S., Balaine, D.S. and Rathi, S.S.(1974). Factors affecting some economic traits of reproduction in Indian buffaloes. Indian J. of Dairy Sci., 28:57-62
Kandasamy, N., Lagaithan, V.W. and Krishnan, A.R.(1993). Non genetic factors affecting calving interval and dry period of Murrah buffaloes. Buffalo Bulletin, 12: 63-65
Karim, M.R., Hossain, M.Z., Islam, M.R., Pervin, M.S. and Matin, M.A.(2013). Reproductivity, Productivity and management system of indigenous buffalo (Bubalusbubalis) cows in coastal areas of pirojpur and Borguna districts of Bungladesh. Progressive Agriculture, 24: 117-122
19th Livestock Census 2012, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, GoI, New Delhi.
Manzoor Ahmad, J., Khalid, S., Wasim, M. Fayyaz and Muhammad, H.K.(2013). Some Environmental factors affecting performance traits in registered Nili-Ravi buffalo population at field area of Pakistan. Buffalo Bulletin, 32: 764-767
Mishra, B.P., Dubey, P.K., Prakash, B., Kathiravan, P., Goyal, S., Sadana, D.K., Das, G.C., Goswami, R.N., Bhasin, V., Joshi, B.K. and Katariya, R.K. (2015). Genetic analysis of river, Swamp and hybrid buffaloes of North-east India throw new light on phytogeography of water buffalo (Bubalusbubalis). Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 132: 454-466
Mourad, K.A., Mahamad, M.M. and Khattab, A.S.(1991). Genetic parameters for milk production traits in a closed herd of Egyptian buffaloes. EgyptianJ. Ani. Prod. (Anim. Breed. Abstr., 62: 201)
Narasimharao, A.N. and Ramamohanrao, H.(1996). Effect of service period, dry period and sex of calf on peak yield in Murrah buffaloes. Indian Vet. J., 73: 1296 -1297
Neog, P. K. (1990). Studies on certain production and reproduction traits in Murrah and Surti buffaloes in Assam. M.V.Sc. thesis, submitted to Assam Agril. University, Guwahati, Assam
Parashuramulu, S., Swain, D.P., Swain, S., Dominic, G.S., Pradhan, S. R. and V. K. Bidarkar (2015). Role of Buffaloes in Indian Economy & their importance and constrains in India. Pashudhan, 41:1&7
Pathodiya, O. P., Jain, L.S., Tailor, S.P. and Singh, S.P. (1998). Genetic studies of some economic traits of Surti buffaloes. Indian J. dairy Sci., 51: 218 -224
Prakash, A. and Tripathi, V.N. (1987). Genetic study of peak yield in Murrah buffaloes. Indian J. Dairy Sc. 40 (1): 45-48.
Pyne, A. K., Dattagupta, R. and Roy, S.K. (1992). Effect of season of calving on service period, gestation period and calving interval in Murrah buffaloes in West Bengal. Indian Journal of Anim. Prod. & Mgt., 8: 193-195
Roychoudhury, D. (2000). Studies on certain physical, biochemical and performance traits of swamp buffaloes. M.V.Sc. Thesis submitted to Assam Agril. University, Guwahati, Assam.
Roychoudhury, G. (2001). Studies on certain physical, biochemical and performance traits of swamp buffaloes. M..Sc. Thesis. Submitted to Assam Agril. Uni., Guwahati, Assam
Sadhana, K., Mukherjee, K., Singh, M., Barwa, D.K. and Jain, A. (2016). Studies on some economic traits of local buffaloes of Chhattisgarh plains. XIII Annual Convention of Society for Conservation of Domestic Animal Biodiversity (February 11-12, 2016) held at SKUAST-Jammu and sponsored by ICAR, DBT and NABARD: 205(057)pp.
Sethi, R.K. and Kala, S.N. (2005). Buffalo Wealth and Genetic Improvement Programmes in India. VIII National Conference on Animal Genetics and Breeding: National Livestock Breeding Policy (March 08-10, 2005) held at Central Institute for Research on Goats, Makhdoom, Mathura, Organized by Indian Society of Animal Genetics and Breeding: 50-59pp.
Shrestha, N. and Yazman, J.A. (1988). Performance of Murrah cross buffalo at the Lampathan Livestock Farm. Abstract: II World Buffalo Congress, pp. 177
Singh, M., Singh, A., Gupta, A.K., Singh, A., Dash, S.K. and Gupta, A. (2016). Comparative evaluation of different lactation curve models in prediction of monthly test-day milk yields in Murrah buffaloes. XIII Annual Convention of Society for Conservation of Domestic Animal Biodiversity (February 11-12, 2016) held at SKUAST-Jammu and sponsored by ICAR, DBT and NABARD: 207(060) pp.
Sinha, R., Shankar, S. and Azad, K.K. (2014). Genetic Analysis of Dry Period and Calving Interval of Buffaloes. XI National Symposium on Harmonizing Phenomics and Genomics for Sustainable Management of Livestock for Upliftment of Rural Masses (February 06-07, 2014) held at National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Organized by Society for Conservation of Domestic Animal Biodiversity: 145(SOCDAB2014:2.30)pp.
Srivastava, A.K., Singh, C.S.P., Verma, S.K. and Dutta, O.P. (1996). Dry period and Calving interval in buffaloes maintained under farmers’ managemental conditions. J. of Research 8(2): 193-195
Tailor S.P. and Jain, L.S. (1986). Factors affecting reproduction traits in medium sized buffaloes. Livestock Adviser, 11: 45-48
Tailor S.P. and Jain, L.S. (1993). Seasonality in buffalo reproduction. Livestock Adviser, XVIII: 5-9
Thuchadaporn, C., Ranchuan, H., Fabrio, D. R., Mangkol, T. and Siriwat, S. (2012). Reproductive and Dairy performance of Thai swamp buffaloes under intensive Farm management. Thai J. Vet. Med., 42: 81-85
Zaman, G.U. (1996). Genetic studies on swamp buffaloes of Assam, Ph.D. Thesis, submitted to Assam Agril. Uni., Guwahati, Assam
Zaman, G., R., Goswami, N. and Aziz, A. (2003). Production performances of Swamp buffaloes of Assam. Indian Vet. Journal, 80: 1070-1071
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)