Barisha Mary Kurbah Rabindra Nath Bhuyan


Monopterus cuchia is a fresh water eel widely distributed in Nepal, Myanmar, Pakistan but predominantly available in Bangladesh and North East Region of India. The population of the species has been declined in its natural habitat to a great extend due to various environmental and anthropogenic factors. So far no report was available regarding artificial propagation of the species M. cuchia, especially from India. Hence it is necessary to develop an induced breeding protocol by standardized doses of synthetic hormone for artificial propagation of the fish.Thus, an experiment was set up for induced breeding of the species using synthetic hormone, Gonopro-FH. After hormonal administration (Gonopro-FH), brooders were released into specially prepared ponds and spawning was natural and spontaneous. During the period of analysis, fecundity of M. cuchia was calculated as 924 eggs (length= 78cm, weight= 344 gms). Induced breeding was successful using Gonopro-FH and the final dosage was 1ml/kg body weight to the female along with 0.3ml/kg body weight to the male. Final fertilization percentage was 75-80% and hatching percentage was 80-85%.


Download data is not yet available.




Fecundity, Gonopro-FH, Induced breeding, Meghalaya, Monopterus cuch

Menon, A.G.K. (1999). Check list - fresh water fishes of India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper No. 175.
Mirza, M.R. and Alam, M.K. (2002). A checklist of the fishes of the Punjab, Pakistan, Records of the Zoological Survey of Pakistan. 14: 31-35.
Zhou, R. Cheng, H. Zhang, Q. Guo, Y. Richard, R.C. and Terrence, R.T. (2002). SRY-related genes in the genome of the rice field eel (Monopterus albus). Genetics Selection Evolution. 34 (1): 129–137. DOI: 10.1051/gse: 2001008.
IUCN Bangladesh. (2015). Red List of Bangladesh Freshwater Fishes. IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Bangladesh Country Office, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 5:114.
Hughes, G.M. and Munshi, J.S.D. (1973). Nature of the air-breathing organs of the Indian fish Channa, Amphipnous, Clarias and Saccobranchus as shown by electron microscopy. Journal of Zoology London. 170:245-170.
Munshi, J.S.D. (1985). The structure, function, and evolution of the accessory respiratory organs of air-breathing fishes of India. In Vertebrate Morphology (Duncker and Fleischer, Eds.), New York: Gustav Fischer. 353-366.
Begum, N. Pramanik, M.M.H. Khan, M.H. and Mahmud, Y. (2017). Induced breeding attempt of vulnerable freshwater mud eel, Monopterus cuchia (Hamilton 1822). International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 5 (2):188-194.
Quddus, M.M.A. Banerjee, A.K. Parveen, F. Ara, R. and Costa, M.P. (2000). Development of social fishery technology using small indigenous fishers of Bangladesh. Dhaka University Journal of Biological Sciences. 9 (2): 131-138.
Miah, F.M. Haque, F. Mia, M.R. Jannat, E. Ali, H. (2013). Molecular identification and sexual differentiation of fresh water mud eel, Monopterus cuchia. Universal Journal of Agriculture Research. 1 (3): 54-58.
Chakraborty, B.K. (2018). Reproductive Cycle of the Mud Eel, Monopterus cuchia (Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822) in Bangladesh. International Journal of Oceanography and Aquaculture. 2 (2): 000132.
Narejo, N.T. Rahmatullah, S.M. and Rashid, M.M. (2003). Reproductive biology of air breathing freshwater mud eel, Monopterus cuchia (Hamilton) from Bangladesh. Indian Journal of Fisheries. 50 (3): 395-399.
Kurbah, B.M. and Bhuyan, R.N. (2018). Analysis of feeding behaviour and gastro-somatic index (GaSI) during different phases of breeding cycle of Monopterus cuchia (Hamilton, 1822) from Meghalaya, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science. 10 (4): 1187-1191.
Paul, M. and Chanda, M. (2014). Induced breeding of Carps. Induced breeding of carps. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/261994048.
APHA. (2005). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 21st Edition, American Public Health Association/American Water Works Association/Water Environment Federation, Washington DC.
Bagenal, T. B. (1978). Methods of assessment of fish production in freshwater. Blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford.
Chaudhuri, H. (1963). Induced spawning of Indian Carps. Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences, India. 29B (4): 478.
Alikunhi, K.H. Sukumaran, K.K. and Banarjee, S.C. (1964). Preliminary observation on commercial breeding of Indian Carps under controlled temperature in the laboratory. Bulletin of Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore.3:20.
Smith, D.W. and Piedrahita, R.H. (1988). The Relation between Phytoplankton and Dissolved Oxygen in fish ponds. Aquaculture. 68: 249–265. Doi: 10.1016/0044-8486(88)90357-2.
Gross, A. Boyd, C.E. and Wood, C.W. (1999). Ammonia volatilization from freshwater fish ponds. Journal of Environmental Quality. 28: 793–797. Doi: 10.2134/jeq1999.00472425002800030009x.
Hargreaves, J. (1998). Nitrogen Biogeochemistry of aquaculture ponds. Aquaculture. 166:181–212. Doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(98)00298-1.
Egna, H.S. and Boyd, C.E. (1997). Dynamics of pond aquaculture. CRC Press, New York.
Losordo, T.M. and Piedrahita, R.H. (1991). Modelling temperature variation and thermal stratification in shallow aquaculture ponds. Ecological Modelling. 54 (3-4): 189–226. Doi: 10.1016/0304-3800(91)90076-D.
Chang, W.Y.B. and Ouyang, H. (1988). Dynamics of dissolved oxygen and vertical circulation in fish ponds. Aquaculture. 74: 263–276. Doi: 10.1016/0044-8486(88)90370-5.
Sandhya, K. and Benarjee, G. (2016). Physico-Chemical properties of some selected fresh water fish ponds in relation to fish production in Warangal area. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Science. 6(4): 23-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.21276/ijpaes.
Tucker, C.S. and D’Abramo, L.R. (2008). Managing high pH in fresh water ponds. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center. SRAC Publication Number 4604. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/255621307.
Hargreaves, J. and Brunson, M. (1996). Carbon dioxide in fish ponds. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center. SRAC Publication Number 468.
Bhatnagar, A. and Devi, P. (2013). Water Quality Guidelines for the Management of Pond Fish Culture. International Journal of Environmental Science. 3(6): 1980-2009. Doi: 10.6088/ijes.2013030600019.
Ehiagbonare, J.E. and Ogundiran, Y.O. (2010). Physico-chemical analysis of fish pond waters in Okada and its environs, Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology. 9(36): 5922-5928.
Wurts, W.A. and Durborow, R.M. (1992). Interactions of pH, Carbon dioxide , Alkalinity and Hardness in fish ponds. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center. SRAC Publication Number 464.
Nasar, S.S.T. (1997). Backyard eel culture. International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Silag, Cavity Philippines. 88.
Bhuyan, R.N. Sarma, D. and Bordoloi, S. (2002). Induced breeding and larval rearing of Labeo gonius (Hamilton Buchanan) in the low temperature of the Mid-altitudinal region, Shillong, Meghalaya. Journal of the Inland Fisheries Society of India. 34 (2):59-65.
De Silva, S.S. Ingram, B. Sungan, S. Tinggi, D. Gooley, G. and Sim, S.Y. (2004). Artificial propagation of the indigenous Tor species, empurau (T. tambroides) and semah (T. douronensis), Sarawak, East Malaysia. Research and Farming Techniques. 9(4):15-20.
Achionye-Nzeh, C.G. and Obaroh, I. (2012). Ovaprim doses effects on eggs of African mudfish Clarias gariepinus. International Journal of Life Science and Pharma Research. 2 (2):6-9.
Angel, J.R.J. Tiwari, V.K. Babu, P.P.S. Rawat, K.D. Ignatius, B. and Kiran, R.B. (2015). Captive breeding of a near threatened fish, pengba Osteobrama belangeri (Valenciennes, 1844) using three inducing agents. Indian Journal of Fisheries. 62 (4):66-70.
Motilan, Y. Bedajit, Y. and Vishwanath, W. (2014). Induced breeding of giant zebra fish, Devario acquipinnatus (Mc Clelland, 1839) by oral delivery of synthetic gonadotropin releasing hormone analogue (Salmon-GnRH-a) Gonopro- FH. International Journal of Scientific Research. 3 (1):502-503.
Ghosh, A.K. Biswas, S. Sarder, L. Sabbir, W. and Rahaman, S.M.B. (2012). Induced breeding, embryonic and larval development of koi carp (Cyprinus carpio) in Khulna, Bangladesh. Mesopotamian Journal of Marine Science. 27 (1):1-14.
Joadder, A.R. and Hossain, M.D. (2008). Convenient Pattern of Food and Feeding Habit of Liza parsia (Hamilton) (Mugiliformes: Mugilidae). Journal of Fisheries International. 3 (3): 48 -51
Citation Format
How to Cite
Kurbah, B. M., & Bhuyan, R. N. (2019). Induced breeding and larval rearing of Monopterus cuchia (Hamilton, 1822) under the agro-climatic conditions of Meghalaya, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 11(2), 429-435. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v11i2.2083
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles