Satyapal Singh Rana S. K. Bhardwaj Arun Kumar Saxena


In vitro rearing of amblyceran Phthiraptera is a challenging task. A look on the literature reveals that negligible information exists on the in vitro bionomics of avian Amblycera. Present report furnishes information on the in vitro biology of an amblyceran louse, Colpocephalum turbinatum, reared at 35 ± 1˚C, 75-82% Relative Humidity, at feather diet. The incubation period of the eggs of louse was determined as 5.37±0.67 days. The duration of first, second and third nymphal instars remained 5.04±0.65, 5.12±0.89 and 5.0±0.57 days, respectively. The longevity of adult female (13.04 ± 3.67 days) was comparatively longer than that of males (9.6±2.87 days). An adult female laid an average of 0.63 egg/day in vitro condition (35±1oC and 75-82% RH, at feather diet).


Download data is not yet available.




Amblycera, Biting lice, Colpocephalum turibinatum, Pigeon louse, Phthiraptera

Agarwal (1967). Studies on the bionomics and life-history of Falcolipeurus frater (Giebel : 1874) (Mallophaga : Ischnocera). Indian J. Zootomy. 8 (1): 21-40.
Agarwal, G. P., Ahmad, A., Rashmi, A., Arya, G., Bansal, N. and Saxena, A. K. (2011). Bio-ecology of the louse, Upupicola upupae infesting common Hoopae, Upupa epops. J. Insect Sci. 11:1-9.
Arora, G. L. and Chopra, N. P. (1959). Observation on life history of Lipeurus tropicalis Peters (Mallophaga : Ischnocera). Res. Bull. Punjab Univ. 10(2):179-187.
Arya, G., Bansal, N., Ahmad, A., Rashmi, A. and Saxena, A. K. (2009). Population expansion of the Common Baya louse, Brueelia plocea (Lakhsminarayana, 1968) (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera). Rev. Ibero-Latinoam. Parasitol. 68 (2):192-195.
Beg, S., Kumar, S., Gupta, N., Khan, V. and Saxena, A. K. (2005). Life table of Philopterus lahorensis (Phthiraptera: Mallophaga) infesting crows. Rivista Iber. de Parasitol. 65 (1-4): 63-66.
Gupta, N., Kumar, S. and Saxena, A. K. (2007). Intrinsic rate of natural increase of Brueelia amandavae (Ischnocera, Phthiraptera) infesting Indian Red Adavat. Biologia, 62 (4): 458-461.
Hopkins, D. E. and Chamberlain, W. F. (1969). In vitro colonization of the goat biting lice, Bovicola crassipes and B. limbata. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 62: 826-828.
Hopkins, D. E. and Chamberlain, W. F. (1972). Sheep bitting louse : Notes on the biology of lice reared off the host. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 65(5):1182-1184.
Kumar, A., Rawat, B. S. and Saxena, A. K. (1993). In vitro biology of goat biting louse, Bovicola caprae Gurlt (Phthiratpera : Ischnocera). Bioved, 4(2):277-282.
Kumar, V. and Hasan, S. S. (2014). In vitro bionomics of an Ischnoceran louse, Lipeurus caponis (Phthiraptera : Insecta). J. Parasit. Dis. DOI 10.1007/s 12639-014-01512-9
Nelson, B. C. (1971). Successful rearing of Colpocephalum turbinatum (Phthiraptera). Nature (London), 232(34) : 255.
Rashmi, A., Ahmad, A., Bansal, N. and Saxena, A. K. (2010). Rate of population expansion of goat biting louse Bovicola caprae (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera). Ann. Entomol. 28(1): 21-25.
Saxena, A. K., Trivedi, M. C., Rawat, B. S. and Kumar, A. (1991). Bionomics of poultry louse, Lipeurus lawrensis tropicalis Peters (Phthiraptera : Ischnocera). J. Zool. Res. 4(1&2) : 27-32.
Saxena, A. K., Kumar, S., Gupta N. and Singh, R. (2007). Population expansion of poultry fluff louse, Goniocotes gallinae (De Geer, 1778) (Ischnocera Phthiraptera, Insecta). Zool. Sci. 24: 327-330.
Singh, P., Arya, G., Ahmad, A. and Saxena, A. K. (2012). In vitro biology of Columbicola bacillus (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera). J. Appl. & Nat. Sci. 4(2):234-236.
Singh, S. K., Kumar, S. and Saxena, A. K. (2001). In vitro biology of a pigeon louse, Columbicola columbae (Phthiraptera : Ischnocera). Prof. V. N. Capoor Commem. vol., S.K. Malhotra and R.S. Chauhan (eds.). Ankit Publications, Allahabad, India, 54-56.
Stockdale, H. J. and Raun, E. S. (1965). Biology of the chicken body louse, Menacanthus stramineus. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 58(6): 802-805.
Williams (1970). In vitro studies on the environmental biology of Goniodes colchici (Denny) (Mallophago : Ischnocera). III. The effects of temperature and humidity on the uptake of water vapour. Aust. J. Zool. 55:553-568
Citation Format
How to Cite
Rana, S., Bhardwaj, S. K., & Saxena, A. (2018). In vitro biology of pigeon louse Colpocephalum turbinatum (Amblycera: Phthiraptera). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 10(2), 770-772. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v10i2.1776
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles