The study was carried out in Dari micro watershed under the Integrated Watershed Development Programme in the Tikamgarh district, Madhya Pradesh during 2015 – 16. Study aimed to assess the impact of watershed development programme on change in natural resources, land use pattern, cropping pattern and crop productivity. An area under cultivable pasture land was increased by 233.33%, whereas the area under horticulture and vegetation was increased by 100%, respectively. The construction of soil and water conservation structures improves ground water level, which increases digging of number of wells (50%) and hand pumps (66.67%). As improvement in land and water resources, the livestock population under different categories were increased by 15 to 73 %. Whereas fodder availability was increased by 166.67%. An area under irrigation was increased by 333.33% and average cropping intensity was increased by 135%. Cultivation area under Urd was highly changed by 17.10 ha (88.60%) as compared to other crops in kharif season, whereas Wheat crop in rabi season was secured 41.56% change in cultivation area. Significant higher increase in crop productivity was recorded for Soybean crop (66.67%) in kharif season, whereas Mustard secured 40.00% increase in productivity in rabi season.
Agriculture, Dari micro-watershed, watershed management programme, Changes in land use pattern, changes in crop area and productivity
Anonymous, (2010). Degraded and wastelands of India status and spatial distribution. Indian Council of Agricultural Research and National Academy of Agricultural Sciences New Delhi. 155p.
Anonymous, (2011). Census data. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
Baker, T. J. and Miller, S. N. (2013). Using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) to assess land use impact on water resources in an East African watershed. Journal of Hydrology. 486: 100-111.
Bhatia, S.S. (1967). A new approach to measure agricultural efficiency in Uttar Pradesh. Economics Geography. 43: 224-260.
Bouma, T.J., Duren, L.A. van, Temmerman, S., Claverie, T., Blanco-Garcia, A., Ysebaert, T. and Herman, P.M.J. (2007). Spatial flow and sedimentation patterns within patches of epibenthic structures: combining field, flume and modelling experiments. Continental Shelf Research. 27: 1020-1045.
Desai, R.B., Girase, K.A. and Kokate, K.D. (1997). Assessment of micro watershed development project on land use and cropping pattern in scarcity zone. Maharashtra Journal of Extension Education, 16:162-166
Dev, K., Sharma, R., Guleria, A. and Dev Raj. (2017). Impact analysis of Mid-Himalayan watershed development project on socio- economic and agricultural status of beneficiary farms in Ani Tehsil of Kullu District in Himachal Pradesh. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 6(7): 2244-2255.
Devi, S. (2015). Community participation and sustainable livelihoods: A study on watershed management in Odisha. Ph.D. Thesis. Department of Humanities & Social Sciences National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Odisha, India. 236p.
Gebregziabher, G., Abera, D. A., Gebresamuel, G., Giordano, M. and Langan, S. (2016). An assessment of integrated watershed management in Ethiopia. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). 28p. (IWMI Working Paper 170). doi: 10.5337/2016.214
Hamdullahpur, K., Jacobs, K. J. and Gill, K. J. (2017). A comparison of socioeconomic status and mental health among inner-city Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 76: 1-8.
Jat, S., Jain, S.K. and Rajput, A.M. (2008). Impact of watershed development programme in Madhya Pradesh. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education. 8(1):66-68.
Jaullkar, A.M., Daipuria, O.P. and Raghuwanshi, J.S. (2002) Impact of national watershed development programme on agricultural production. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 57(3): 575-.
Kassa, Y., Beyene, F., Haji, J. and Legesse, B. (2013). Impact of integrated soil and water conservation program on crop production and income in West Harerghe Zone, Ethiopia. International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. 1(4):111-120
Kassam, A., Derpsch, R. and Friedrich, T. (2014). Global achievements in soil and water conservation: The case of conservation agriculture. International Soil and Water Conservation Research. 2(1): 5-13.
Kaushal, S. S., Gold, A.J. and Mayer, P. M. (2017). Land use, climate, and water resources—global stages of interaction. Water. 9: 815-825.
Kulshrestha, A., Raghubanshi B.P.S., Sen, S., and Singh, Y. K. (2014). Impact of watershed development programme in gird zone of Madhya Pradesh. Int. J. Agr. Ext. 2(1): 29-33.
Kulshrestha A., Singh, Y. K. and Sen, S. K. (2015). Impact of watersheds in bringing change in the farming system in Bastpur of Morena District of Madhya Pradesh. Current World Environment, 10(2):588-592
Kumar, K.A.B., Prasad, Y.E. and Kumari, Y.S. (2002). Impact of watershed development programme on techno- economic aspects in Perambalur District of Tamilnadu. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics. 57(3): 591-592.
Lodha, P.P. and Gosain, A. (2008). Impact of watershed management on livelihoods: quantification and assessment. Land Use and Water Resources Research. 8: 1–7.
Mondal, B., Singh, A. and Jha, G. K. (2012). Impact of watershed development programmes on farm-specific technical efficiency: a study in Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh. Agricultural Economics Research Review. 25(2): 299-308.
Nabi, G., Hussain, F., Ray-Shyan Wu, Nangia, V., Bibi, R. and Majid, A. (2017). Optimizing micro watershed management for soil erosion control under various slope gradient and vegetation cover conditions using SWAT modelling. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 1: 1-22
Palanisami, K. and Kumar, D. S. (2009). Impacts of watershed development programmes: experiences and evidences from Tamil Nadu. Agricultural Economics Research Review. 22: 387-396.
Panda, B.K., Panda, R.K. and Sarangi, P. (2007). Impact of watersheds development on dryland farming in KBK district of Orissa. Journal of Rural Development. 26 (2): 189-206.
Pathak, P., Chourasia, A. K., Wani, S. P. and Sudi, R. (2013). Multiple Impact of Integrated Watershed Management in Low Rainfall Semi-Arid Region: A Case Study from Eastern Rajasthan, India. Journal of Water Resource and Protection. 5: 27-36.
Sarvade, S. (2015). Role of agroforestry in watershed management. DOI10.13140/ RG.2.1.4302.2808. 36p.
Shrivastava, K.K., Sarkar, J.D. and Bereth, L.S. (1996). Impact of soil conservation programme on improved farm practices in Jabalpur. Agricultural Extension Review, 8(2): 14-15.
Singh, H.P., Pachauri, C.P., Gupta, B.S. and Shrivastava, M.K. (2009). Agricultural production through milli-watershed programme under Rajiv Gandhi Watershed Mission. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education. 9 (2): 93-95.
Verma, A. R. (2008). Impact of watershed development programme in the rainfed area in Indore district of Madhya Pradesh. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 63 (3):526-527.
Wagner, P. D., Kumar, S., and Schneider, K. (2013). An assessment of land use change impacts on the water resources of the Mula and Mutha Rivers catchment upstream of Pune, India. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17: 2233-2246.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)