The present study was performed to examine the participation of female wheelchair users in household and personal care activities, problems faced by them and to seek suggestions from them to improve their work environment.The study was conducted in Punjab state and the sample was selected from different districts of Punjab by using snowball and purposive sampling technique. Only those female wheelchair users were selected for the study who were involved in performing household work. Case studies on 10 female wheelchair users were done to gather relevant information from the respondents and their work participation profile was observed for three consecutive days. A self-structured questionnaire was prepared to gather the relevant data from the respondents. Results revealed that despite their physical limitations, respondents were involved in some of the activities in their homes. Difficulties experienced by respondents while performing household and personal care activities included poor eye sight, slow speed, early onset of fatigue and less light in the work area.
Household activities, Participation, Personal-care activities, Wheelchair users, work participation
Anonymous (2017). Disabled Population in India as per census 2011 (2016 updated). http://enabled.in/wp/disabled-population-in-india-as-per-census-2011-2016-updated/ (retrieved on 30.03.2018)
Bhalla, M. (1997). Anthropometric measurements of the elderly for designing of household equipment, furniture and workplaces.M.Sc. Thesis,Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.
Haynes, K.J. and Raven, J. (1962). The living pattern of some old people, Garston, Watsford, Herts: Building Research Station; Miscellaneous Paper no. 40 cited in: Grandjean E; 1973; Ergonomics of the home; London; Taylor and Francis Ltd; pp. 314-15.
Ishihara, K., Nagamachi, M., Komatsu, K., Ishihara, S., Ichitsubo, M., Mikami, F., Osuga, Y., Imamura, K. and Osaki, H. (2002). Handrails for the elderly: A survey of the need for handrails and experiments to determine the optimal size of staircase handrails. Gerontechnology. 1(3): 175-189.
Jarosz, E. (1996) Determination of the workspace of wheelchair users. International J Industrial Ergonomics. 17: 123-133.
Kohli, N. (2005). Problems of elderly (single) living in rural and urban households.M.Sc. Thesis, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.
Kumar, M. (2006). National Policy for Persons with Disabilities. Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.http://www.aicb.org.in/images/advocacy/advocacyResources/National%20Policy%20for%20Persons%20with%20Disabilities.pdf (retrieved on 30.03.2018).
Kumar, A., Sharad, K.S. and Anwer, S. (2012). Difficulties faced by the wheelchair users in accessing automated teller machine (ATM): A case study. Ind J Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy-An International J., 6:142-44.
Pennathur, A., Sivasubramaniam, S. and Contreras, L.R. (2003). Functional limitations in Mexican American elderly. Int J Industrial Ergonomics. 31: 41-50.
Sandhu, P.(2001).Physiological stresses in elderly women of urban Punjab and technologies to reduce them. Ph.D Thesis, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana.
Steidl, R.E. and Bratton, E.C. (1968).Work in the home. New York, London, John Wiley and Sons.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Â© Author (s)