O.P. Verma S. Singh S. Pradhan G. Kar S.K. Rautaray


Water and nutrient deficiency are two major constraints that drastically affect rapeseed and mustard production under semi-arid regions of North-Western India. To cope with this problem, a study was undertaken to optimize irrigation, nitrogen and sulphur levels for productivity and quality of Ethiopian mustard(Brassica carinata).Field experiments were conducted during winter seasons of 2004-05 and 2005-06 at the Water Technology Centre (WTC), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) – Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi, India. Irrigation, nitrogen and sulphur levels significantly (P<0.05) affected plant height, LAI, siliqua weight, seeds/siliqua, test weight, seed and biomass yield of Ethiopian mustard. Application of three irrigations (seedling, 50% flowering and pod development stage) to Ethiopian mustard   increased seed yield by 27-28% compared to one irrigation (seedling stage). Nitrogen @ 90 kg ha-1 produced 49-54 % higher seed yield of Ethiopian mustard compared to no application. Similarly, sulphur application @ 40 kg ha-1 increased seed yield by 33-34 % compared to no application of sulphur. The oil content of Ethiopian mustard   was significantly (P<0.05) affected by nitrogen and sulphur levels. Among the three treatments, irrigation treatment only significantly affected evapotranspiration of the studied crop. From the above study, it is suggested that application of  3 irrigations with 90 kg N ha-1 and 40 kg S ha-1 may be practiced for achieving higher seed yield, quality and water use efficiency of Ethiopian mustard in the semi-arid environment of Northern part of India.


Download data is not yet available.




Ethiopian mustard, Nitrogen, Irrigation, Sulphur, Water use efficiency

Ahmad, A. and Abdin, M.Z.(2000). Effect of sulphur application on lipid, RNA and fatty acid content in developing seeds of rapeseed (Brassica campestris L.). Plant Sci., 150: 71-76.
Aulakh, M.S. and Patel, M.S. (1991). Soil related constraints and management for oilseed and pulse production in India. B. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 15: 129-144.
DES. (2014). Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Department of Agriculture & Cooperation,p. 77.
Falk, K.L., Tokuhisa, J.G. and Gershenzon, J. (2007). The effect of sulfur nutrition on plant glucosinolate content: Physiology and molecular mechanisms. Plant Biol.,9: 573–581.
Garnayak, L.M., Singh, N.P., Subedar Singh, Paikaray, R.K. and Singh, S. (2000). Influence of irrigation and nitrogen on growth, yield and nutrient uptake by the late sown Brassica oilseeds. Indian J. Agron., 45:371-378.
Getinet, A., Rakow, G. Roney, J.P. and Downey, R.K.(1996). Agronomic performance and seed quality of Ethiopian mustard in Saskatchewan.Can. J. Plant Sci., 76:387-392.
Ghooshchi, F., Seilsepour, M. and Jafari, P. (2008). Effects of water. Am-Eurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci.,4: 302-305.
Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical procedures for Agricultural Research. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Jackson, M.L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, p. 187.
Johnson, E.N., Malhi, S.S., Hall, L.M. and Phelps, S. (2013). Effects of nitrogen fertilizer application on seed yield, N uptake, N use efficiency, and seed quality of Brassica carinata. Can. J. Plant Sci.,93: 1073-1081.
Katiyar, R.K., Gangasaran, and Giri, G. (1986).Evaluation of Brassica carinata as a new oilseed crop in India. Exp. Agr., 22: 67-70.
Kaur, P. and Sidhu, M.S.(2006). Effect of sowing date, nitrogen level and row spacing on oil quality of Ethiopian mustard. Environ. Ecol., 24: 1112-1114.
Kaur, P. and Sidhu, M.S.(2004). Effect of sowing date, nitrogen level and row spacing on the growth and yield of African sarson (Brassica carinata A. Braun). J. Res. Punjab Agric. University, 41: 27-34.
Kaur, R.D., Yadav, R.C. Yadav, N. R., Rani, A., Saini. P.and Singh, D. (2013). In vitro plant regeneration from anthers of Indian mustard. Cruciferae Newslett., 32: 8-10.
Khoshanazar, P.R., Ahmadi, M.R. and Ghanndha, M.R.(2000). A study of adaptation and yield capacity of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) cultivars and lines. Iranian J. Agri. Sci.,31: 341-352.
Kumar, R. and Trivedi, S.K. (2012). Effect of levels and sources of sulphur on yield, quality and nutrient uptake by mustard (Brassica juncea). Prog. Agr.-An Intl J.,12: 69-73.
Kumar, S., Verma, S.K., Singh. T.K. and Singh, S. (2011). Effect of nitrogen and sulphur on growth, yield and nutrient uptake by Indian mustard (Brassica juncea). Indian J. Agric. Sci., 81: 145-149.
Majid, A. and Simpson, G.M. (1999). Yield and quality of mustard (Brassica juncea L.) as affected by irrigation pattern. Pakistan J. Soil Sci. 16: 5-10.
Malik, R.S. (1990). Prospects for Brassica carinata as an oilseed crop in India. Exp. Agr., 26: 125-129.
Nielson, D.C. (1997).Water use and yield of canola under dry land conditions in the central Great Plains. J. Prod. Agric., 10: 307-313
Pan, X., Lada, R.R., Caldwell, C.D. andFalk, K.C. (2011). Water-stress and N-nutrition effects on photosynthesis and growth of Brassica carinata. Photosynthetica, 2, 309-315.
Pan, X., Caldwell, C.D., Falk, K.C. and Lada, R. (2012). The effect of cultivar, seeding rate and applied nitrogen on Brassica carinata seed yield and quality in contrasting environments. Can J. Plant Sci., 92: 961-971.
Piri, I., MoussaviNik, M., Tavassoli, A., Rastegaripour, F. and Babaeian, M. (2011). Effect of irrigation frequency and application levels of sulphur fertilizer on water use efficiency and yield of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea). Afr. J. Biotechnol., 10: 11459- 11467.
Pradhan, S., Sehgal, V.K., Das, D.K., Jain, A.K., Bandyopadhyay, K.K., Singh, R. and Sharma, P.K. (2014a).Effect of weather on seed yield and radiation and water use efficiency of mustard cultivars in a semi-arid environment.Agric. Water Manage., 139: 43–52.
Pradhan, S., Sehgal, V.K., Sahoo, R.N., Bandyopadhyay, K.K. and Singh, R. (2014b). Yield, water, radiation and nitrogen use efficiencies of wheat as influenced by nitrogen levels in a semi-arid environment. Indian J. Agron., 59: 267-275.
Pramanik, S.C., Singh, N.P., Singh, S. and Garnayak, L.M., (1996). Irrigation and nitrogen effects on oil yield and nitrogen uptake by Ethiopian mustard. Indain J. Agron.,41: 101-107.
Punia, S.S., Chahar, S. and Agarwal, S.K. (2001). Influence of crop geometry and nitrogen on seed yield and yield attributes of Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata). Indian J. Agron., 46: 732-745.
Ray, K., Sengupta, K., Pal, A.K., Banerjee, H. (2015). Effects of sulphur fertilization on yield, S uptake and quality of Indian mustard under varied irrigation regimes. Plant Soil Environ., 61: 6-10.
Shabani, A., Sepaskhah, A.R. and Kamgar-Haghighi, A.A. (2013). Responses of agronomic components of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) as influenced by deficit irrigation, water salinity and planting method. Intl. J. Plant Prod., 7: 313-340.
Sharma, R., Thakur, K. S. and Chopra, P. (2007). Response of nitrogen and spacing on production of Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata) under mid-hill conditions of Himachal Pradesh. Res. Crops, 8: 104-106.
Slatyer, K.O. (1967). Plant Water Relationships. 366p Academic Press, New York.
Yasari, E. and Patwardhan, A.M., (2006). Physiological analysis of the growth and devolvement of canola (Brassica napus L.). Asian J. Plant Sci., 5: 745-752.
Zarei, G., Shamsi, H. and Dehghani, S.M. (2010).The effect of drought stress on yield, yield components and seed oil content of three autumnal rapeseed cultivars (Brassica napus L.). J. Res. Agric. Sci., 6: 29-37.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Verma, O., Singh, S., Pradhan, S., Kar, G., & Rautaray, S. (2018). Irrigation, nitrogen and sulphur fertilization response on productivity, water use efficiency and quality of Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata) in a semi-arid environment. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 10(2), 593-600. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v10i2.1741
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles