##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Yamuna Pandey S. Upadhyay S. Manivannan L. Sharma S.S. Bhatt

Abstract

Ficus roxburghii, “Elephant ear fig “or wild fig is one of very popular fruits found growing wild in the hills of North Eastern and North Western Himalayan region. The fruit of wild fig has also been used as medicine by the tribal people of Sikkim and other states of India. Keeping this in view, the present study was conducted at Laboratory of Department of Horticulture, Sikkim University, Sikkim to access the different nutraceuticals properties as nutritional constituent like protein, fat, fibre, carbohydrate and energy value, mineral content viz.Ca, K, Mg, Na, Zn, Co, Mo, Fe, Mn and phytochemical content such as total phenols, flavonoid, ascorbic acid, anthocyanin and total carotenoids of F. roxburghii. The results of present study revealed that fruit of F. roxburghii contains significant amount of nutritional, mineral and phytochemical properties viz. protein (3.00±0.06%), fat (0.13±0.04%), fibre (3.06±0.02%), carbohydrate (90.81±0.44 %), energy value (376.45±1.44), Ca (23.69 ± 1.7), Mg  (73.09 ± 2.1), K (819.64 ± 12.54), Mo (0.58 ±  0.06), Na (6.73 ± 1.2), Zn (0.34 ± 0.10). Fe (26.55 ± 2.8), Cu (4.22 ± 0.20), Mn (7.11 ± 0.11), total phenols (4.13±0.52 mg GAE/ G), total flavonoid (3.10±0.09 mg GAE/ G), ascorbic acid (3.36±0.27 mg GAE/ G), anthocyanin (1.13±0.15 mg GAE/ G) and total carotenoids (0.68±0.10 mg GAE/ G). It may be concluded that the fruit of F. roxburghiiis rich in nutraceuticals and must be incorporated in our balanced diet.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Ficus roxburghii, Minerals, Nutritional, Nutraceuticals, Phytochemicals

References
AOAC (1990). Official Methods of Analysis. 15thEdn., Association of Official Methods of Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC., Arlington, Virginia, USA., ISBN: 0-935584-42-0
AOAC (1980). Official Method of Analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemist, A.O.A.C, Benjamin Franklin Station, Washington, DC.
Aberoumand, A. (2011). Survey on some food plants as sources of antioxidants. Innovative Romanian Food Biotechnology. 8: 22-25.
Anuradha, V., Praveena, A., Sanjayan, K.P. (2013). Nutritive analysis of fresh and dry fruits of Morindatinctoria. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci., 2(3):65-74.
Bhutia, K. D. (3013). Studies on the physicochemical characteristics and utilization aspects of some indigenous minor fruits of Sikkim. Ph. D thesis. Department of Pomology and Post Harvest Technology. Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya. Pp. 203.
George, M., Joseph, L. and Nimisha M. P. (2016).Ficus auriculata; A Pharmacological Update. Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev.4(7): 26-31.
Kalita, P., Tag, H., Sarma, H.N. and Das, A.K. (2014). Evaluation of Nutritional Potential of Five Unexplored Wild Edible Food Plants from Eastern Himalayan Biodiversity Hotspot Region (India). Int. J. Biol. Food, Veterinary Agril Eng.8: 207-210.
Kumaran, A. and Karunakaran, R. J. (2007) In-vitro antioxidant activities of methanol extract of five phyllanthus species from India. LWT-Food Sci. Technol.40: 344-352.
Lowry, O.H., Rosebrough, N.J., Farr, A. L., and Randall, R.J. (1951). Protein measurement with the Folin Phenol Reagent. J. Biol. Chem.193: 265 -275.
Prakash, D., Upadhyay, G. Gupta, C., Pushpangadan, P. and Singh, K.K. (2012). Antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of some promising wild edible fruits. Int. Food Res. J. 19(3):1109-1116.
Rai, A.K., Sharma, R.M. and Tamang J.P. (2005). Food value of common wild plants of Sikkim. Journal of Hill research.18(2): 99-103.
Saklani, S., Chandra, S. Mishra, A. P. and Badoni, P. P. (2012). Nutritional Evaluation, Antimicrobial Activity And Phytochemical Screening Of Wild Edible Fruit Of MyricaNagiPulp. Intl. J. Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sci. 4(1): 407-411.
Seal, T., Pillai, B. and Chaudhuri, K. (2014). Nutritional Potential of wild edible fruits, traditionally used by the local people of Meghalaya state in India. Indian Journal of Natural Product and Resources. 5(4): 359-364.
Singleton, V.L., Orthofer, R., Lamuela-Raventos, R.M.(1999). A.nalysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Methods Enzymol. 299: 152-178.
Srivastava, R. P. and Kumar, S. (2003). Fruits and vegetable preservation. International Book Distributing Company, Lucknow- 226 004, India, 474p.
Sundriyal, M. and R.C. Sundriyal. (2003). Underutilized edible plants of the Sikkim Himalaya: Need for domestication. Current Science, 85: 731-736.
Tungland, B.C. and Meyer, D. (2002). Non digestible oligo- and polysaccharides (dietary fiber): their physiology and role in human health and food, Comp Rev Food Sci Food Safety.3: 73-92.
Venn, B.J., Mann, J.I. (2004). Cereal grains, legumes and diabetes. Eur J Clin Nutr.58(11):1443–61.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Pandey, Y., Upadhyay, S., Manivannan, S., Sharma, L., & Bhatt, S. (2018). Nutraceutical potential of Ficus roxburghii an underutilized fruit of Sikkim Himalayas. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 10(3), 876-880. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v10i3.1725
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles