Anju Bhatnagar


The present study was aimed to find out the chemical constituents of essential oils of cymbopogon species,viz. Cymbopogon martinii var motia, Cymbopogon flexuosus Nees., Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt., growing in Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India. The essential oils were obtained by hydro-distillationand subjected to detailed Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS) analysis in order to determine the variation in their volatile constituents. Twenty seven compounds are α-pinene, β-myrcene, Limonene, Cis-b-Ocimene, pCymene ,Terpinolene,6-Methyl hept-5-en-2-one, Citronellal, Linalool, Linalyl acetate, β-Elemene, β-Caryophyllene, Citronellyl acetate, Neral, α– Terpineol, Borneol,Gerainal, γ-Cadinene,Geranyl acetate, Citronellol,Nerol,Geraniol, Caryophyllene oxide,Germacrene—D-4-ol,Elemol, Epi-α-cadinol, δ-Cadinol representing 92.24 to 95.86% of the oil compositions as identified. While comparing the common constituents of three different species of cymbopogon taxa , the remarkable variation in compositions of essential oil was observed and it was in concentration of nearl (0.40;34.9;1.6), gerainal (nil;47.5;0.96) geraniol (82.5;4.5;20.15) , citronellol (T;0.2;12.39) , citronellal (0.1;0.5;36.19) , and linalool (0.8;1.6;0.96) for C.martini, C.flexuosus, C. winterianus respectively


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Cymbopogon flexuosus, Cymbopogon martini, Cymbopogon winterianus, Citrals Essential oils, Monoterpenoids

Adams, R.P. (1995). Identification of essential oil constituents by Gas chromatography/Mass spectroscopy. Allured Publ. Corp., Carol Stream, Illinois.
Bor, N.L. (1960). The Grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India and Pakistan, Pergamon Press, London, pp. 767.
Davies,D.W.(1990). Gas chromatographic retention indices of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes on methyl silicone and Carbowax 20M phases, J. Chromatograph,503:1-24
Ganjewala, D. (2009). Cymbopogon essential oil : chemical compositions and bioactivities, International journal of essential oil therapeutics, 3: 56-65.
Gupta, B.K. and Jain, N. (1978). Cultivation and utilization of genus Aromatic Cymbopogon in India, Indian Perfume. 22: 55-68.
Gupta, B.K. and Daniel, P. (1982). Aromatic grasses of India and their utilization: A plea for further research, Pafai J. 4:13-27.
Kaul P.N.,Bhattacharya,A.K.,Singh K.,Rajeswara Rao B. R., (1997) Chemical composition of the essential oil of Java Citronella (C.winterianus Jowitt.) grown in Andhra Pradesh, Pafai J. 19:20-33.
Khanuja, S.P.S, Shasany,A.K., Pawar, A., Lal. R.K., Darokar, M.P., Naqvi, A.A., Raj Kumar, S.,Sundaresan,V., Lal .N and Kumar,S. (2005). Essential oil constituents and RAPD markers to establish species relationship in Cymbopogon Spreng. (Poaceae), Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 33: 171-186.
Kulkarni, R.N., Mallavarapu,R.R. and Ramesh,S. (1992). The oil content and composition of new variants of C. flexuosus. J. Essent. Oil. Res. 4: 511-514.
Lawrence,B.M. (1988). Progress in essential oil: citronella oil, Perfum. Flav. 23: 80-82.
Mathela, C.S., Pant, A.K., Melkani A.B. and Pant,A. (1986). Aromatic grasses of U.P. Himalaya: a new wild species as a source of aroma chemicals, Sci. Cult. 52: 342-344.
Padalia,R.C., Verma.R.S., Chanotiya,C.S . and Yadav, A.(2011).Chemical fingerprint of the fragrant volatiles of nineteen Indian cultivars of Cymbopogon Spreng. Rec. of Nat. Prod.5(4): 290-299.
Rao, B.L., (1997). Scope for development of new cultivars of Cymbopogons as a Source of Terpene Chemicals (In: S. S. Handa and M. K. Kaul (Eds), Supplement to Cultivation and Utilization of Aromatic Plants), National Institute of Science and Communication, New Delhi, India, pp. 71.
Soenarko,S. (1997). The genus Cymbopogon. Reinwardtia .9:225-226
Citation Format
How to Cite
Bhatnagar, A. (2018). Composition variation of essential oil of Cymbopogon spp. growing in Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 10(1), 363-366. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v10i1.1631
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles