A smart and modern technique based upon information and communication technology (ICT) was conceptualized and developed. It facilitates pestsâ€™ information collection timely, its fast processing and planning with quickly implementable options - to manage biotic stresses on field crops on large-scale area basis. The pest mapping in field crops (paddy, cotton) in different agro-ecosystems of India was done based on using Geographic Information System (GIS) Arc-info package. To fast track the decision-making, its mass communication to farming community, an exhaustive e-database of plant protection measures as recommended by different agencies in the country for different field crops viz., cereal crops, oilseed crops, pulses, fibre crops, sugar crops, fodder crops etc. - had also been prepared and digitized. The outcome and benefits of this technique had been analyzed and findings - that demonstrate the benefits of using the proposed architecture are also detailed.
Cotton, Database, Field crops, GIS, ICT, IPM, Paddy, Pesticides
Bebber, D.P., Holmes, T., Smith, D. and Gurr, S.J. (2014). Economic and physical determinants of the global distributions of crop pests and pathogens. New Phytologist, 202, 901â€“910.
Carson, R. (1962). The silent Spring. Houghton Mifflin, New York.
Chourasiya, S., Khillare, P.S. and Jyethi, D.S.(2015). Health risk assessment of organochlorine pesticide exposure through dietary intake of vegetables grown in the periurban sites of Delhi, India. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 22:5793â€“806.
Goulson, D. (2014). Ecology: pesticides linked to bird declines. Nature, 511:29.
Sutherst, R.W. (2014). Pest species distribution modelling: origins and lessons from history. Biological Invasions, 16, 239â€“256.
Peter West (2011). National mapping of the abundance of established, new and emerging pest animals to improve decision-making and the assessment of government investment programs. Final report to the Australian bureau of agricultural and resource economics and sciences, department of agriculture, fisheries and forestry.
Pimentel, D. and Burgess, M. (2014). Environmental and economic costs of the application of pesticides primarily in the United States. In: Pimentel, D. and Peshin, R. (Editors), Integrated Pest Management. New York, Heidelberg, Dordrecht, London: Springer Science + Business Media Dordrecht, p. 47â€“71.
Pirsaheb, M., Limoee, M., Namdari, F. and Khamutian, R. (2015). Organochlorine pesticides residue in breast milk: a systematic review. Med J Islam Repub Iran, 29:228.
Puri,S.N., Banerjee, T, Baranwal, V.K., Kumar, Surender and Sundersharma, K.S. (1998). Distribution Maps of Insect Pests and Diseases of Rice Crop in India. NCIPM, New Delhi, pp.99.
Puri, S.N., Kumar, Surender, Sharma, O.P. and Banerjee, T. (1999). Database on present status of plant protection recommendations in India Part-1. NCIPM (ICAR), New Delhi, pp. 290.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)