Om Prakash Shivran Manoj Kumar Singh Nikhil Kumar Singh


Horizontal expansion of pulse production can be achieved by introduction of short duration pulse crop like, green gram (Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek) under agri-horti system. Response of green gram under different agri-horti system and weed management practices is lacking. Therefore, an agronomic trial was conducted during monsoon season of 2011 at Agricultural Research Farm, Rajeev Gandhi South Campus, Banaras Hindu University, Barkachha, Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh, in split plot design, consisting of three agri-horti systems [guava, custard apple and open field] in main plots and six weed management practices [pendimethalin 1000 g/ha (PE), imazethapyr 125 and 200 g/ha (PoE), 1-HW (20 DAS), 2-HW (15 and 30 DAS) and weedy check] were assigned to sub plots and replicated thrice. Green gram variety ‘Samrat’ was sown as per standard agronomic package of practices on August 5, 2011 in open field as well as within the alleys of, 5-year old, guava and custard apple agri-horti system. Agri-horti systems, did not significantly (P<0.05) affect the growth, yield attributes, yield and nutrient content in green gram. The weed management practices significantly affected the CGR, RGR and yield of green gram. Application of imazethapyr 200 g/ha recorded 79.08% reduction in weed biomass and 11.38% lower seed yield as compared to weedy check and 2-HW (15 and 30 DAS), respectively. 2-hand weeding effectively reduced weed biomass (88.07%) and showed highest yield (888.79 kg/ha), and CGR (13.61 g/day) followed by imazethapyr 200g/ha yield (787.66 kg/ha) and CGR (13.14 g/day).


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...




Agroforestry, Crop growth rate, Relative growth rate, Weed management

Akter, R., Samad, M.A., Zaman, F. and Islam, M.S.(2013). Effect of weeding on the growth, yield and yield contributing characters of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.). J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ., 11: 53–60
Chauhan, B.S. (2013). Seed germination ecology of feather lovegrass [Eragrostis tenella (L.) Beauv. Ex Roemer &J.A. Schultes]. PLoSOne, 8: e79398
Datta, S.K. and Singh, B.B. (2015). Production and productivity of pulses: Indian perspectives. In: Pulses handbook 2015. Foretell Business Solutions Pvt. Ltd. Bangalore.pp. 34–36 (Available on Commodityindia.com)
Deore, N.R., Solanke, A.V., Shete, B.T., Tambe, A.D. and Nikam, A.S. (2007). Chemical weed control in Soybean. Ann. Plant Physiol., 21: 75-77
DoA [Department of Agriculture]. (2012). Kharif Faslo Ki Saghan Padhatiya (In hindi). Department of Agriculture, Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow
Gill, A.S. and Gangwar, K.S.(1992). Investigation on the integration of fodder and food crops as intercrops with fruit trees. Agric. Sci. Dig., 12: 15–16
Goetz, A.J., Lavy, T.L., Edward, E. and Gbur, Jr. (1990). Degradation and field persistence of imazethapyr. Weed Sci., 38, 421-428
Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A.(1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. 2ndedn. John Wiley and Sons, New York
Hunt, R. (1978). Plant Growth Analysis. Edward Pub. Ltd.,London. pp. 67
Jackson, N.L. (1973). Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall, New Delhi
Kaur, G., Brar, H.S. and Singh, G. (2010). Effect of weed management on weed, nutrient uptake, nodulation, growth and yield of summer mungbean (Vigna radiata). Ind. J. Weed Sci., 42: 114–119
Krämer, W. and Schirmer, U. (2007). Modern Crop Protection Compounds. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Muoni, T.,Rusinamhodzi, L. and Thierfelder, C. (2013). Weed control in conservation agriculture systems of Zimbabwe: identifying economical best strategies. Crop Prot.,53: 23–28
Muthiah, A. R. (2004). Opportunities for the cultivation of extra short duration mungbean in Tamil Nadu, India. Agronomic management of mungbean grown under different environments. In:S. Shanmugasundaram (ed). Proc. of Final workshop and planning meeting of ‘Improving income and nutrition by incorporating mungbean in cereal fallows in the Indo-Gangetic plains of south Asia DFID Mungbean Project for 2002-2004,(May 27–31, 2004), Ludhiana. pp 183–188
NRCAF, (2000). Annual Report. National Research Center for Agroforestry, Jhansi.Corbineau, F. and Come, D. (1982). Effect of the intensity and duration of light at various temperatures on the germination of Oldenlandiacorymbosa L. seeds. Plant Physiol.,70: 1518–1520
Pandey, J. and Mishra, B.N.(2003). Effect of weed management practices in a rice mustard-mungbean cropping system on weeds and yield of crops. Annals Agric. Res.,24:737–742
Prasad, S.K., Singh, M.K., and Singh J.(2014). Response of rhizobium inoculation and phosphorus levels on mungbean (Vigna radiata) under guava-based agri-horti system. Bioscan, 9:557–560
Radford, P.J. (1967). Growth analysis formulae their use and abuse. Crop Sci., 7 (3):171–175
Reddy, A.A. 2009. Pulses production technology: Status and way forward.Econ. Polit. Weekly, 44: 73–80
Reddy, K.N., Zablotowicz, R.M., Locke, M.A. and Koger, C.H. (2003). Cover crop, tillage, and herbicide effects on weeds, soil properties, microbial populations, and soybean yield. Weed Sci.,51: 987–994
Savage, K.E. and Jordan, T.N.(1980). Persistence of three dinitroaniline herbicides on the soil surface. Weed Sci., 28:105–110
Singh, G., Ram, I.C. and Singh, D.(1991). Crop weeds competition in green gram. Trop. Pest Manage.,
Singh, M.K. and Saini, S.S. (2008). Planting date, mulch, and herbicide rate effects on the growth, yield and physicochemical properties of menthol mint (Mentha arvensis L.). Weed Tech., 22: 691–698
Singh, M.K., Kumar P. and Prasad S.K. (2014). Agri-horti systems and weed management practices effect on growth and yield of mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek]. Bioscan, 9: 1449–1453
Singh, P. and Kumar, R.(2008). Agro-economics feasibility of weed management in soybean (Glycine max L.) grown in vertisols of south-eastern Rajasthan. Ind. J. Weed Sci., 40: 62–64
Stoimenova, I. (1995). Nutrient element in the above ground biomass of soybean grown in a pure stand or mixture with Echinochloacrusgalli. RastenievdniNauki,
Tripathi, P.K., Singh, M.K., Singh J.P. and Singh, O.N. (2012). Effect of rhizobial strains and sulphur nutrition on mungbean (Vigna radiata (l.) wilczek) cultivars under dryland agro-ecosystem of Indo-Gangetic plain. Afr. J. Agric. Res.,7: 34–42
Zimdahl, R. L. (2007). Fundamentals of weed science. Elsevier, U.S.A.
Zimdahl, R.L., Catizone, P. and Butcher, C. (1984). Degradation of pendimethalin in soil. Weed Sci., 32:408–412
Citation Format
How to Cite
Shivran, O. P., Singh, M. K., & Singh, N. K. (2017). Weed flora dynamics and growth response of green gram (Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek) under varied agri-horti system and weed management practices. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(3), 1848-1853. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i3.1451
More Citation Formats:
Research Articles