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M. Y. Ajayakumar M. R. Umesh Shivaleela Shivaleela J.M. Nidagundi

Abstract

Plant density and optimum fertilization are two important agronomic practices to enhance productivity of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) varieties. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of high density planting (HDPS) and fertilization rate, especially their interactions, on yield, yield components of cotton varieties in sub-tropical India. Split-split plot design was adopted and replicated thrice. The main plots were assigned to low, medium and high plant densities (16.7, 13.3 and 11.1 plants/m2). Pre released cotton varieties TCH-1705 and LH-2298 were tested in low, moderate and high rates of fertilizers recommended for the region (100, 125 and 150 %) in sub-sub plots. Significantly higher seed cotton yield (1148 kg/ha) was achieved in narrow inter row spaced at 60 cm over normal plant row spacing of 90 cm (1025 kg/ha). Compact genotype TCH-1705 was out yielded (1146 kg/ha) over LH 2298(1044 kg/ha). Application of fertilizers at higher rate improved seed cotton yield (1232 kg/ha) Leaf area index (3.8) and light interception (0.98) over blanket recommendation. The results of the study inferred that seed cotton yield improvement was possible under HDPS production system with compact varieties grown at narrow spacing and higher fertilizer dose.

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Keywords

Cotton, Leaf area index, Light interception, Plant density

References
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Ajayakumar, M. Y., Umesh, M. R., Shivaleela, S., & Nidagundi, J. (2017). Light interception and yield response of cotton varieties to high density planting and fertilizers in sub-tropical India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(3), 1835-1839. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i3.1448
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