##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Zorawar Singh Guriqbal Singh Navneet Aggarwal

Abstract

The field experiment was conducted during 2015-16 to study the effect of biofetilizer inoculation [control, Mesorhizobium only, Mesorhizobium + RB-1 (Pseudomonas argentinensis) and Mesorhizobium + RB-2 (Bacillus aryabhattai)] and four levels of phosphorus (0, 15, 20 and 25 kg P2O5 ha-1) on chickpea growth. RB-1 and RB-2 were the plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). Biofertilizers could play a crucial role in reducing the dependence on chemical fertilizers by fixing the atmospheric nitrogen for crop and/or by increasing the availability of phosphorus and phytohormones to the crop. The 16 treatment combinations were laid out in Factorial Randomized Complete Block Design and replicated three times. In biofertilizer treatments, Mesorhizobium + RB-1 proved superior over control and sole inoculation of Mesorhizobium and at par with Mesorhizobium + RB-2 with respect to plant height (cm), number of branches (plant-1), shoot and root dry matter (kg ha-1) which were recorded at 30, 60 90, 120 days after sowing (DAS) and at harvest. Application of 25 kg P2O5 ha-1 gave the highest values of all the growth at-tributes viz. plant height (60 cm), number of primary (5.3) and secondary (27.2) branches per plant, shoot dry matter (4000 kg ha-1) and root dry matter (354 kg ha-1) which were significantly higher than that of 0 and 15 kg P2O5 ha-1 and at par with 20 kg P2O5 ha-1. Similar results were observed in case of crop growth rate (CGR) whereas relative growth rate (RGR) was not influenced significantly by various biofertilizer and phosphorus treatments. The dual inoc-ulation with PGPR strains along with phosphorus application have a supplementary effect on the growth of chickpea.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Chickpea, growth indices, Mesorhizobium, phosphorus, shoot dry matter

References
Anonymous (2016). Area, production and productivity of gram in India. http://www.indiastat.com/.
Basir, A., Shah, Z., Naeem, M., Bakht, J. and Khan, Z.H. (2008). Effect of phosphorus and farm yard manure on agronomic traits of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Sarhad J. Agri. 24:567-72.
Cheema, H.S. and Singh, B. (1991). Software Statstical CPCS-1. Department of Statistics, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.
Das, S., Pareek, B.L., Kumawat, A. and Dhikwal, S.R. (2013). Effect of phosphorus and biofertilizers on productivity of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in north western Rajasthan, India. Legume Res. 38: 511-14.
Dotaniya, M.L., Pingoliya, K.K., Lata, M., Verma, R., Regar, K.L., Deewan, P. and Dotaniya, C.K. (2014). Role of phosphorus in chickpea production. African J. Agric. Res. 9: 3736-3743.
Gulpadiya, V.K. and Chhonkar, D.S. (2014). Effect of phosphorus on growth, productivity and economics of chickpea varieties. Annals Plant Soil Res.16: 334-37.
Gulpadiya, V.K., Singh, B.P., Chhonkar, D.S., and Gupta, D. (2014). Effect of varieties and phosphorus levels on growth and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). J. Rural Agril. Res. 14: 43-44.
Hirdyani, H. (2014). Nutritional composition of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and value added products. Indian J. Comm. Health 26: 102-06.
Kandoliya, U.K. and Vakharia, D.N. (2013). Antagonistic effect of Pseudomonas fluorescens against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cicero causing wilt in chickpea. Legume Res. 36: 569-75.
Kaur, N. and Sharma, P. (2013). Screening and characterization of native Pseudomonas sp. as plant growth promoting rhizobacteria in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) rhizospere. Afr. J. Microbiol. Res .7: 1465-74.
Kaur, N., Sharma, P. and Sharma, S. (2015). Co-inoculation of Mesorhizobium sp. and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria Pseudomonas sp. as bio-enhancer and bio-fertilizer in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Legume Res. 38: 367-74.
Kour, R., Sharma, B.C., Kumar, A., Kour, P. and Nandan, B. (2016). Study of physiological growth indices in chickpea (Cicer arietinum) + mustard (Brassica juncea) intercropping system under different weed management practices. Legume Res. 39: 453-58.
Namvar, A., Sharifi, R.S. and Khandan, T. (2011). Growth analysis and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in relation to organic and organic nitrogen fertilization. Ekologija, 57: 97-108.
Pingoliya, K.K., Mathur, A.K., Dotaniya, M.L., Jajoria, D.K. and Narolia, G.P. (2014). Effect of phosphorus and iron levels on growth and yield attributes of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under agroclimatic zone IV a of Rajasthan, India. Legume Res. 37: 537-41.
Radford, P. J. (1967). Growth analysis formulae-their use and abuse. Crop Sci. 3: 171-176.
Sarawgi, S.K., Chitale, S., Tiwari, A. and Singh, S. (2012). Effect of phosphorus application alongwith PSB, Rhizobium and VAM on P fractionation and productivity of soybean (Glycine max). Indian J.Agron. 57: 55-60.
Shahzad, S.M., Khalid, A., Arif, M.S., Riaz, M., Ashraf, M., Iqbal, Z. and Yasmeen, T. (2014). Co-inoculation integrated with P-enriched compost improved nodulation and growth of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under irrigated and rainfed farming systems. Biol. Fertil. Soils 50: 1-12.
Sharma, P., Khanna, V., Kaur, N., Dhillon, G., Singh, G., Sharma, S., Kaur, H. and Saxena, A.K. (2013). Effect of dual inoculation of Pseudomonas argentinensis LPGPR1 and Mesorhizobium on growth of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). J. Res. Punjab Agril. Univ. 50: 1-4.
Singh, U. and Singh, B. (2014). Effect of basal and foliar application of diammonium phosphate in cognizance with phosphate-solubilizing bacteria on growth, yield and quality of rainfed chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Indian J.Agron. 59: 427-32.
Verma, J.P.,Yadav, J., Tiwari, K.N. and Kumar, A. (2013). Effect of indigenous Mesorhizobium sp. and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria on yield and nutrient uptake of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Ecol.Engg. 51: 282-86.
Citation Format
How to Cite
Singh, Z., Singh, G., & Aggarwal, N. (2017). Effect of Mesorhizobium, plant growth promoting rhizobacteria and phosphorus on plant biometery and growth indices of desi chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 9(3), 1422-1428. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v9i3.1378
More Citation Formats:
Section
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)