A field experiment was conducted during rabi (winter) seasons of 2007-08 and 2008-09 to study the effect of integrated nutrient management on growth, yield, oil content and nutrient uptake of yellow sarson (Brassica cam-pestris L var. yellow sarson) in older alluvial soil of West Bengal. Significantly higher leaf area index (1.75 at 40 days after sowing; DAS), dry matter accumulation (1366.9 g/m2 at 80 DAS) and highest number of siliquae/plant (118.3), number of seeds/siliqua (21.8), seed yield (1.90 t/ha), stover yield (3.86 t/ha) were recorded significantly (at 5% lev-el) higher with poultry manure (PM) @2.5t/ha +50%RDF (Recommended Dose of Fertilizer i.e. 80-40-40 of N-P2O5-K2O kg/ha) + PSB (phosphate solubilising bacteria) + AZ (Azotobacter) during both the years and on pooled basis. An average of 30.5% and 233% increase in seed yield by this treatment was recorded over sole application of RDF and control respectively. Integrated application of PM (2.5 t/ha) + 50% RDF + PSB + AZ recorded highest oil content (43.16%) and positive effect on soil fertility status. The highest benefit: cost ratios (2.26 and 2.4 in 2007-'08 and 2008-'09 respectively) were achieved from the use of 50% RDF + PM (2.5 t/ha) +PSB+AZ.
Biofertilizer, Nutrient balance, Poultry manure, Vermicompost, Yellow sarson
Bais, H.P., Weir, T. L., Perry, L. G., Gilroy, S. and Vivanco, J. M. (2006). The role of root exudates in rhizosphere interactions with plants and organisms. Annual Review of plant Biology 57: 233-266.
Bareae, J. M., Navorvo, E. and Montonya, E. (1976). Pro-duction of plant growth regulators by rhizosphere phos-phate solubilizing bacteria. Journal of Applied Bacteri-ology 40: 129-134.
Behera, U. (2006). Integrated nutrient management for sus-taining productivity, quality and profitability of wheat-soybean cropping system. Indian FarmingDec: 32-38.
Bisht, R., Chaturvedi, S., Srivastava, R., Sharma, A.K. and Johri, B.N. (2009). Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Psudomonas fluoresccens and Rhizobium legumi-nosarum on the growth and nutrient status of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Tropical Ecology 50(2): 231-242.
Bray, R.H. and Kurtz, L.T. (1945). Determination of total, organic and available form of phosphorus in soils. Soil Science, 59: 39-45.
Bremmer, J.M and Mulvaney, C.S. (1982). Nutrient total In:Methods of Soil Analysis 2nd ed. Page,A.L. et al.,(Eds) pp 595-624. ASA, SSA Madison Wisconsin.
Djokoto, R.K. and Stephens, D. (1961). Thirty long-term fertility trials under continuous cropping in Ghana and crop yield responses to fertilizers and manure. Emperor Journal of Experimental Agriculture 29:181-190.
Gomez, K. A. and Gomez, A. A. (1984). Statistical proce-dures for agricultural research. John Wiley and sons, Inc. London,UK (2nd edn).
Gudadhe, N. N., Mankar, P.S., Khawale, V.S. and Don-garkar, K. P. (2005). Effect of biofertilizers on growth and yield of mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Journal of Soils and Crops 15(1): 160-162.
Jackson, M.L. (1973). Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. Pp. 45-226.
Jenssen, B.H. (1993). Integrated nutrient management: The use of organic and mineral fertilizer. In: â€˜The role of plant nutrients for sustainable food Crop production in sub-Saharan Africaâ€™, eds. H. Van Reuler, and W. H. Prins, pp. 89-105. Leidschendam, the Netherlands: VKP.
John , L.W., Jamer, D.B., Samuel ,L. T. and Warner, L.W. (2004). Soil Fertility and Fertilizers: An Introduction to nutrient management. Pearson Education, India.
Kara, E.E., Uygur, V. and Erel, A. (2006). The effects of composted poultry wastes on nitrogen mineralization and biological activity in a silt loam soil. Journal of Applied Sciences. 6(11): 2476-2480.
Krishnamurthy,V.V. and Mathan,K.K.(1996). Influence of Sulphur and magnesium on Growth and yield of Sun-flower (Helianthus annus L.) .Indian Journal of Agron-omy 41(4): 627-629.
Maheshbabu, H. M., Ravi Hunje, N. K., Patil Biradra and Babalad, H. B. (2008). Effect of organic manures on plant growth, seed yield and quality of soybean. Karna-taka J. Agric. Sci.,21( 2) : 219-221.
Mookherjee, S., Malik, G.C., Bandyopadhyay, S. and Mitra, B. (2014). The productivity of Brassica rapa var. yel-low sarson as influenced by integrated nutrient manage-ment practices and seed priming in eastern Indian sub-himalayan plains. SAARC Journal of Agriculture 12(1): 106-116.
Padma, B.K., Jagdeshwri, P. and Bharti, M. 2001. Improve-ment of seed yield and quality through Nutrient Man-agement in Sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) Journal of Oilseed Research 18(1): 48-50.
Palm, C.A., Myers, R .J.K. and Nandwa, S.M. (1993). Com-bined use of organic and i
Palm, C.A., Myers, R .J.K. and Nandwa, S.M. (1993). Com-bined use of organic and inorganic nutrient sources for soil fertility maintenance and replenishment. (In): Replen-ishing Soil Fertility in Africa, eds. R. J.
Patra, P., Pati, B.K., Ghosh, G.K., Mura,S.S., Saha,A. (2013). Effect of biofertilizers and sulphur on Growth, yield, and oil content of hybrid sunflower (Helianthus annuus. L) In a typical lateritic soil. 2: 603 doi:10.4172/scientificreports.603 Page.
Ponmurugan, P. and Gopi, C. (2006). Distribution pattern and screening of phosphate solubilizing bacteria isolat-ed from different food and forage crops. Journal of Agronomy 5:600-604.
Prasad, K., Verma, C.P., Verma,R.N. and Pyare, R.(2005). Effect of FYM, gypsum and fertility levels on nutrient uptake by wheat crop in maize-wheat system. Crop Research 29(1): 28-33.
Reddy, B.G. and Reddy, M.S.(1998). Effect of organic ma-nure and nitrogen levels on soil available nutrient status in maize-soybean cropping system. Journal of the Indi-an Society of Soil Science 46: 474-476.
Roy, R. N.(1986). FAO, fertilizer programme with special reference to integrated plant nutrition system. Fertilizer
in agricultural development. Krishak Bharati Coopera-tive Limited New Delhi, India. pp 149-169.
Sahai, V.N. (2005). Fundamentals of soil,Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi.
Singh, R. and Agarwal, S.K. (2004). Effect of organic ma-nuring and nitrogen fertilization on productivity, nutri-ent use efficiency and economics of wheat. India Jour-nal of Agronomy 49(1): 49-52.
Singh, R.S., and Yadav, M.K. (2008). Effect of phosphorus and biofertilizers on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of long duration Pigeonpea under rainfed condition. Journal of food legume 21(1):46-48.
Tiwari, P. N. and Burk, W. (1980). Seed oil determination by pulsed nuclear magnetic resonance without weighing and drying seeds. Journal of Ameri-can Oil Chemist Society 57: 119- 121.
Wakely, A and Black, A.I (1963). An examination of the different methods for determining soil organic matter and proposed modification of the Chromic Acid Titra-tion method. Soil Science, 24: 65-68.
This work is licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) © Author (s)